Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

Obsessive Compulsive Disease

obsessive compulsive disorder oklahomaThe obsessive-compulsive disease is a psychological illness whose primary symptoms include obsessions and compulsions, forcing the individual to take part in undesirable, oftentimes distress thoughts or behaviors. It’s treated via a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy.Obsessive-compulsive disease is a psychological illness whose primary symptoms include obsessions and compulsions, forcing the individual to take part in undesirable, oftentimes distress thoughts or behaviors. It’s treated via a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and disturbing thoughts (known as obsessions) or repetitive, ritualized behaviors that the individual feels driven to do (known as compulsions). Obsessions may also take the kind of intrusive pictures or undesirable impulses. Nearly all individuals with OCD have both obsessions and compulsions, but a minority (roughly 20 percent) have obsessions independently or compulsions independently (roughly 10 percent).

The individual who has OCD usually attempts to consciously dismiss the obsessions or neutralize them from participating in compulsions or preventing situations which trigger them. Typically, compulsions function to relieve stress. But, it isn’t unusual for the compulsions themselves to trigger stress — particularly when they become quite demanding.
Cases of Obsessions Typical kinds of obsessions include issues with contamination (e.g., fear of dirt, germs or sickness), safety/harm (e.g., being accountable for a flame), undesirable acts of aggression (e.g., undesirable urge to damage a loved one), undesirable sexual or spiritual thoughts (e.g., sacrilegious pictures of Christ) and also the demand for symmetry or exactness.
A trademark of OCD is that the individual recognizes that their thoughts or behaviors are senseless or excessive.

Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

The inside of your car is exposed to continuous wear and tear because we run business, travel with family, eat drive-thru, and fulfill transportation needs for family and friends within its doors. The carpet, upholstery, and leather and vinyl dyes all trap dust, dirt, food particles, more dirt, stains, body oils, body, hair, animal hair, sand, and gunk — all of that blot and hamper the fabric fibers — and these are only the items it is possible to see! Invisible to the eye are contaminants, mildew, germs, human matter, and scents that result from considerable living, making an unclean and unhealthy atmosphere. Something that nobody wants their children exposed too, nor a first date. Many OCD families prefer to seek out a car detailing okc company to manage the cleaning of the interior and exterior of the home.

Oklahoma City Car Detailing Services:

• The type and age of the automobile

•The status of all of the interior surfaces such as the games, gauges, chrome, wood complete

• The kind, mix, and sporting, cracking or damage to upholstery like vinyl, leather, and cloth.

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The kind, mix, and sporting, cracking or damage to upholstery like vinyl, leather, and cloth.

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The origin for scents

These variables help determine how long, which procedures are required, along with the resources and substances necessary to efficiently wash and condition the inside. This includes a comprehensive cleaning, sanitizing, and conditioning of all interior elements and materials such as headliner, dash, console, chairs, floor mats, rugs, map pockets, cup holders, vents, switches, and switches. When you receive your car or truck back, it is going to smell clean, fresh, clean and pristine!

5 Unique Car Detailing Options For Obsessive Compulsive Car Owners in Oklahoma

1. Express-Plus Interior: An excellent detailing care program, the Express-Plus Interior support was created for the individual in a rush, who retains their car in topnotch condition but only requires periodic touch-ups for ordinary soiling. Your car or truck has to be stain and odor free be eligible for this service since it isn’t a replacement as soon as your vehicle needs deep cleaning!

2. The Daily-Driver: As a consequence of everyday driving, obsessive car detailing oklahoma city the automobile has regular soiling, mild stains, and minor body odors.

3. Restorative Interior Detailing: Usually suggested for older cars which have minor fail, food spills, animal scents and pet hair loss, acute spots, etc..

4. Concours Interior Detailing: The Concours support is for the discerning Automobile enthusiast and owner of an exotic, timeless, or classic automobile; also in need of preparation for a car show and contest

5. Remediation Interior Detailing: Never say die! If your vehicle was via a catastrophic event like a flood, a serious injury, or suffers from malodorous odors or intense filth, Auto Pool Detail will surprise you!

Additional Services

• Fabric Stain Repellent — We could employ cloth repellent which is made to shield cloth, carpeting, and mats with greater protection against oil, water, and arid soils. Spills “pool upward,” giving you an opportunity to wash them dry until they are consumed and eventually become permanent stains.

• Request about Green Guard The World’s 1st Approved Green Carpet Upholstery Protector. Green Guard is nontoxic, skin friendly, biodegradable and doesn’t have an odor.

• Leather Protection –Leather protectants help conserve your car’s vinyl and leather upholstery. Extreme temperatures and U.V. beams cause bleeding, premature aging and cracking. Leather protectants are made to assist to keep the leather soft and stop it from drying and fading out.

Pricing For Car Detailing Oklahoma City

The cost for our detailing providers relies upon the size, age, illness and requirements of every motor vehicle.We ask you to bring your car to us for a whole free evaluation — no appointment required. We’ll make recommendations and offer you pricing choices. We’ll show you vehicles we’re detailing so that you may observe firsthand the caliber of our job.
You’ll be amazed at the dramatic change in the look of your car after it spends some time with us! What’s more, you will understand what to anticipate.

Read: Child Abuse May Alter Neurons In The Brain

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

The Psychology Behind The Smile

Wearing a Healthy Smile Says A Lot About A Person

clean teeth - healthy smileSome smiles are natural while others are fake. There are genuine smiles that show gleaming white teeth, while other smiles are a little more reserved, possibly hiding poor dental care from others. There are also those smiles that are clearly fake and miserable, forced through with effort and strain. Then there are the polite like smiles that are often more like a grimace. These smiles can indicate embarrassment as much as happiness.

A genuine bellowing laugh can increase your heart rate and positively impact your  breathing pattern, while also lowering your blood pressure.

Smiling is a social gesture that can indicate various emotions. When people don’t smile often it can be a sign of unhappiness. Some people are very happy but tend not to smile possibly because of yellow teeth stained from smoking or drinking coffee, or possibly missing teeth or rotted teeth. There are short term solution that can fix issues of discoloration like visiting a dentist.

Other issues such as depression can be treated medically by prescription or through regular visits with a licensed psychologist. The psychology behind a smile can be speak volumes about a persons mental health. Mental health can be effected by something as simple as crooked teeth. Someone with a mouth full of crooked teeth may suffer from a lack of self confidence and  could feel insecure about showing their teeth. This then ends up effecting them and their daily lives, almost living as a prisoner of their own smile. This can have long lasting psychological effects on a person and there should be an effort to correct this if possible.

Smiling also happens to be one of the most universal languages on the planet. healthy baby smile

Babies who are born blind know to smile the same as babies that are born with site. Smiling is seen less in people with power then it is seen with the poor or less fortunate. Smiling can be used as a from of body language to send a message to another. Smiling is more universal than any other physical gesture like hand shakes and hugs.

Smiling can improve the health and happiness of a person. Make a conscious effort daily to smile more and make others smile.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

The Unbelievable Benefits of Seeing A Chiropractor

Chiropractic care has helped countless individuals all over the world, and contrary to popular notion, the treatment isn’t restricted to neck and back pain. In this place, we’ll discuss the advantages of chiropractic care for teams and volleyball players.

Comprehending The Pressure

All the volleyball injuries are related to hands, elbows, wrists and shoulders. As an example, players usually have problems using the rotator-cuff as general motions of the sport impact it. Specialists consider these injuries could be avoided with physical training as well as other types of attention. Besides the shoulders, harms can extend to the rest of the entire body, too, including hip, neck and lower back. Some players often complain of pain in ankle and foot, too.

Horrible physical strain owing to the essence of the sport can be caused by beach volleyball. Those who play the sport on the shore are prone to regular injuries as they frequently play barefoot, which takes the vital cushioning for the feet away. The resting interval between games is frequently restricted, particularly throughout the training sessions.

Understanding The Advantages of Chiropractic Care

Professional teams frequently hire a volleyball chiropractor as a portion of the physical fitness section. The truth is, it’s possible to prevent plenty of the most popular injuries which might be noticed in the sport.

Volleyball chiropractors also work with sportsmen for certain harms. It’s not recommended to rely on painkillers and only medications for alleviation because one must seek entire treatment as an alternative to instant respite. Chiropractors frequently use other types of alternative treatment, for example spinal decompression cause entire healing and to remove the pain and cold laser therapy. For speeding up the entire healing process, players regularly seek the help of the chiropractor.

Seeing a chiropractor in Huntersville, NC may be wise in the event you are a newcomer to volleyball and having a difficult time coping together with the physical pain and tension. They are able to aid in performing aside from reducing pain. Do not miss on asking any questions during an appointment, if you have any, and make sure that you select an experienced practice.

Supplying an extensive variety of services for the alleviation of pain, anxiety and suffering, rehabfx gives those we serve an opportunity to get a better, more healthy lifestyle.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

Things to Consider While Locating A Chiropractor

With the number of individuals affected by back pain every year growing, so also does the amount of chiropractors. A lot of people aren’t certain what to consider when selecting a chiropractor that is good and we’ll give you some helpful guidance in regards to making the choice that is correct for you. Step one to understand the best way to pick a chiropractor that is good will be to understand if you’ll need one.

It’s usually the wrong placement of ligament, some bone or muscle that’s causing your back pain issue and this can be where a great chiropractor will have the ability to help and alleviate your suffering. Many chiropractors will focus on a discussion to discover your precise needs and to learn more about how they can assist you to let us begin with a couple easy methods to discover if your chiropractor is not bad.

It is a classic adage but you ought to look for truthfulness in a chiropractor. A fair chiropractor will urge the most economical place to purchase them instead of offering their own nutritional supplements if they urge which you take nutritional supplements. Many not-so-fair chiropractors offer a bundle of a set quantity of sessions and treatment to the patient. This really is a bad signal, particularly when they’ve to see how you’re reacting to any treatment up to now. If a bundle is offered before they will have an opportunity to discover your troubles, that is a certain signal that is awful. If the chiropractor understands they cannot help you and instead make reference to another specialist, that is a clear good sign and a honest strategy.

That is an excellent indication, if you learn about a chiropractor being urged by a friend or relative. Many chiropractors that are great do not have to advertise as an outstanding reputation has been built up by them from their previous and present customers. This really is the greatest indication which you have located an excellent chiropractor.

So it’s crucial that you understand before picking to work with one what they specialize in because distinct chiropractors use different techniques. The appropriate treatment in the appropriate spot is needed. Then that’s the area that will be treated if you’ve got an issue with a particular region of your back. In this situation, it is better to seek another opinion. The reality is which they cannot treat all ailments while many chiropractors need to keep any customers they will have. You should subsequently be referred to cope with this, if your chiropractor identifies any inherent issue that’s causing your back problem.

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Invisalign – Amazing Smile and Stylish Treatment

The days where you’d get laughed at and joked around by family and friends just due to teeth are finished! There are fascinating and new ways you could have your teeth without having to cope with all those prying eyes straightened. Invisible braces from Invisalign provider in OKC is an excellent way to undergo treatment particularly when you’re a professional or you’re aware about your looks. Invisalign is a modern, hi tech way of straightening teeth that aren’t only powerful but also unobtrusive.

About Invisalign: Invisalign is a way of straightening teeth which use removable aligners which can be custom made for your teeth. The aligners are made from clear plastic that’s not rough and are so not uncomfortable after you wear them. Some aligners is normally worn for fourteen days after which you may wear a fresh set of aligners. Invisalign works by transferring your teeth slowly and softly to the needed location.

Appointment: You must identify an Invisalign supplier if you are feeling that Invisalign is a choice which you want to try out. The orthodontist will guide you as to whether Invisalign is suitable in managing your case and will analyze your teeth. Should you be a great patient for Invisalign, the orthodontist will shoot images and x rays of your teeth. A 3D picture of your teeth will be created in preparing a treatment strategy for you by Invisalign, that may direct your orthodontist. You’ll be capable of seeing how your teeth will appear like at each phase of treatment up to the outcome.

Aligners: As you wear the aligners your teeth will start to shift to the necessary location. You will end up required every fourteen days to wear a brand new set of aligners. Your orthodontist will offer you the required set of aligners that may take you up to the time of the next appointment.

Care: Your aligners can clean by rinsing them off and brushing them softly. Ensure that you floss and brush your teeth daily to keep your oral health.

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Why Residential and Commercial Properties Want Professional Duct Cleaning?

Duct cleaning for homes can also be important just as routine maintenance of heating systems is crucial. That is not only a demand that is general, you will find several specific reasons unclean ducts can cause serious damage to its function & are dangerous for human well-being at the same time.

The atmosphere inside or around a house may not seem dirty, but may be contaminated with undetectable filth atoms which can not be seen until they’re collected in sums that are greater. Whenever the system is made to run, filthy atmosphere gets circulated through the house. Additionally, with time, as well as neglect of shifting AC filters, the operation of the HVAC system is changed as a result of improper cleaning of ducts. This is why it is vital to opt for air duct company for houses for professional services.

It is a proven study that unclean, filthy ducts can have serious consequences on the human well-being, although not only a generally accepted notion. It is often studied & discovered by Health authorities that concentration of dust & grime in houses is largely due to the filthy ducts and ports in HVAC systems. The effects of filthy ducts which are not cleaned for years of constant use can have its direct effect on lungs, nose and the eyes. Individuals with allergies are those that suffer the most due to these ducts that are foul. Likewise, there could be skin and respiratory -associated issues in this kind of environment. Selecting professionals in duct cleaning for cleaning service for houses, will result in improved airflow & unimpeded operation of the HVAC system. These professionals manual and use vacuum techniques.

In general, professional services of duct cleaning for houses will ensure a contaminant-free, healthy surroundings & trouble-free operation of the heat & cooling systems. Superb Normal Heat is an air duct heat and cleaning company in Vancouver.

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How Sedation Dentistry Can Be Beneficial For Those With Phobia

In regards to making a dentist appointment people who experience extreme anxiety may reap the benefits of a sedation dentistry. This Oklahoma City dentist that is trained uses his patients to quiet and help them relax during even the simplest process. Dentists who intend to use sedation in any kind are expected to finish additional instruction beyond dental school. This instruction instructs them the best way to administer emergency procedures that will be needed in case a patient has an adverse reaction, and particular kinds of sedatives, dangers and side effects related to the drugs.

You’ll find many advantages of sedation dentistry. You’ll likely reap the benefits of the techniques and processes of a sedation dentist if you’re among those people who cannot cope with the idea of stepping into a dentist’s office. Sedation dentistry – also called sleep dentistry – enables those of the most routine dental procedures with intense panic or worry, to see with the dentist for regular checkups with no panic that would plague them through the visit. Additionally, it enables those who don’t have any trouble going to the dentist, but need major dental work to put up with an extreme one time visit instead of coming in multiple times for various processes.

You’ll find three kinds of sedation dentistry. Determined by the kind of dental procedure being performed and the patient’s degree of anxiety, distinct degrees of sedation will be used. Inhalation sedation can gain those people who are extremely nervous about getting basic cleaning processes done. Nitrous oxide, also called laughing gas, is usually used. The patient continues to be conscious of everything but feels joyful and relaxed.

A sedation dentist may choose to administer oral medicines designed to rest the patient. Typically the patient can answer any questions the dentist inquires and continues to be conscious of the action around him.

The third & most extreme type of sedation is administered through IV into muscle or the blood stream. IV sedation can be used when the patient is actually terrified of dental appointments, or when a massive amount work must be done. Determined by the dosage of the sedation drug, the patient might or might not be conscious of what is happening around him. Before administering any drugs the sedation dentist will get a thorough medical history and a listing of current medicines.

Talk about the good thing about seeing an accredited sedation dentist if you experience dental phobia of any sort. Do not let your fear of dental procedures carry you from finding the dentist every six months for cleanings that are critical.

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Property Management Companies Remove Anxiety

Renting out your piece of real estate may be real cash cow as most landlords understand, but that cash flow usually comes with a tremendous concern. Midnight calls from tenants who’ve the hassle of marketing the house when you’ve got a vacancy take out lots of the pleasure of earning money off of leases, late lease payments which you must chase down, and overflowing toilets. One means to have the income while removing much of the anxiety would be to hire Re/Max Energy Property Management company.

These businesses work between. The renter will not even need to understand who you’re when you hire a property management company. While you have the power the company manages the day to day interactions with the renter. The company will manage the marketing for you if you’ve got a vacant unit. Additionally, the property management company will look after screening prospective renters. They’ll also manage the pre-move-in reviews and reviews required after a tenant moves out.

It is possible to step back watching the profits, once the unit is filled. If there exists a concern, communicating will be handled by the company with the renter. You won’t be called if this pipe explosions at the center of the night. The property management company will even make your rental payments to collect. The company will do what’s needed to accumulate if your tenant is making a payment. In some arrangements, the firm may also take over paying taxes, insurance, and the mortgage on the portion of property. You must do nothing but have after all of the invoices happen to be paid the income which is sent your way.

The primary variable that prevents some landlords is the price. These services will be paid for by you. You must consider the price against the period of time you’ll save time that you can subsequently use to pursue other income- appreciate the fruits of your investment work or just making efforts.

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Tricks For Learning Web Design

Even if you possess sufficient information about it, web design OKC may be a tough designing place to find a job for you. You need to possess a nicely strategy as it assists you in managing a a sleek web site with error-free before developing an internet site. Not just that, a suitable website design that is prepared is the secret to really have a beautiful web site for the visitors. Have you been considering learning to be a web designer that was fantastic? Are there many targets in your dish, but your insufficient understanding in website layout is maintaining you from from their website? This post may educate you on the things that you should be aware of to eventually become a web designer that is better.

Movie that was HTML-5 is placed to become the following standard for showing movies online and obviously, you need to provide yet another structure like expensive for people who have an older version as good as both a manner where consumers may supply your content via an HTML-5 structure. Stay away from so called “mystery meat navigation”. This includes utilizing alternative components for the website’s routing or unlabeled pictures. Most of the times, the customer has to mouse over the buttons to actually notice the things they do. Routing is best-kept simple. Use links over the top or over the remaining side of the webpage.

It might look pretty, but avoid from having a lot of cartoons in your website. Getting your revenue dash site flash, twist and turn might seem cool for you, but it’ll probably generate prospective audience a way. It creates your site seem amateurish which isn’t the information you would like to communicate when you include a lot of flamboyant dashes that way. Ensure your webpages all actually have names, and ensure they can be descriptive. A surprising variety of web pages out there are called “untitled document” or “new file”. This-not just completely ruins your Search Engine Optimization, because page names are weighted by search engines heavily when ranking websites, but in addition refuses visitants a good bit of info to recall your website.

Website design is a topic which you constantly need to keep educated on. Bearing this particular at heart, for those who have some friends which are also in to web site improvement then you are going to need to maintain with them in touch. It’s possible for you to trade any new info which you discover in terms of website design, so you’re both along with your sport. Make use of a toolbar on top to assist visitors get the information they want immediately in the event you have a few pages in your website. Contain details, so whenever they had like, they can talk to you. Headers needs to be observable and obvious, and sentences needs to be simple to study along with succinct.

Reduce the number of scrolling or clicking visitors need to do to get info. The more they have to browse to get the info they seek or a person must click, the much more likely they may be to to stop searching because of it. Plan for having a minimum of 400 words on each page by merging web pages of your website which have articles that drops below this amount of phrases. Ensure that your web site utilizes a a well that is consistent for the duration of. Some web sites alter typefaces without any style. This makes the information hard to procedure for visitors. Many websites, especially business web sites, may work staying with even, or fundamental fonts like Arial, Deck New Roman.

It’s critical that your entire web pages have names. Forgetting while creating your web site, to contain names may have devastating results. The greatest cause is the fact that it makes your site look unprofessional when there is also, equally on the web page itself, and no name on an internet search results page. When ascertaining the information of your web site, research engines like google also put major focus on names. Don’t forget to use key words, and also make your names illustrative. Which document types you use for pictures effects your site ‘s load times. Your images should typically be JPEGs or GIFs. They just take up a significant amount of disk space even though MBP and PNG documents may be the choices for internet images. The bigger images can be converted by you right into a more manageable dimensions to aid your audiences possess a user-experience that is better.

Evaluation frequently and early. As a readers might in functionality evaluations early in the design procedure, you must make use of your web site. Ensure that you maintain testing and enhancing it as your web site is growing. Make an effort to ensure that any audio or images which you’re linking to is hosted in your own personal web server. Don’t hot-link to another web site pictures. This is considered as bandwidth theft also it may place you in breach of a copyright also. It is not worth the hazard.

While your website is designed by you, remember there is no need to utilize all the area that is available on every webpage. When you use all accessible pixels, the end result could be an overwhelmingly messy web site. Splitting your website’s components up with area that is empty, may allow it to be more easy for people to pick out what components execute what function. Area may give as much worth as advice. Utilizing the the equipment from a sponsor to create your website is very good for lay out that is basic, however do not totally use them them. It’s perfect that you just include a feature of style and uniqueness to your own web site. This means that you want come up with fresh style components which are not accessible through the use of the supplied choices of the WYSIWYG editor of the host’s.

Hosting your personal website isn’t a good idea, also in the event that you have the cash to get it done. Do just as much of the design yourself as you are able, but in the event that you employ anyone to sponsor it for you personally, you you will not have to be concerned about protection that is fundamental. Start with creating smaller web sites, so prior to starting an important website, you can observe your strengths and flaws. Generate webpages that build from that point as you acquire self-confidence, and include plaintext to start.

As a website is designed by you, appear to your own market. Ask them what is not unimportant in the websites they enjoy. You can be helped by this with all the various features available on your own website along with the style. Considering guidance out of your goal guests can let your website be more relevant. Now you know what it will take to to create a website that was great, have you been assured to begin now? Retain this informative article as a useful guide if you would like to take on a fresh website-design job, in the event you ever want some technical or ethical support.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

Looking For Acupuncture Care?

Individuals are understanding they have actual states that promote their everyday lifestyles, as the range of health-related analysis enlarges. But also comes more treatments that a lot of people are beginning to eventually become fascinated in. Acupuncture service in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is where you can find a powerful method to cut back pain and other signs that they fight with daily, these techniques that’s expanding. The exercise is clearly an alternate approach that’s, Asian origins that are aged. By utilizing needles that are very slender, an acupuncturist intends to excite different points on the human body which might be believed to enhance and also right imbalances in your body. Several individuals can let you know the training that is exceptional continues to be in decreasing the consequences of the signs, a leading element.

Your physician will most likely have you look for different forms of therapy so that they can locate what is best suited for you personally when you have been identified using an ailment which you find tough. It generally is sensible to investigate your options all as no two individuals are exactly alike. You could not be aware of how successful acupuncture in Oklahoma as well as additional types of choice medication may possibly show to be. Generally, people will begin seeking added types of therapy after other approaches have proved to not be effective. But alternative strategies can be beneficial in decreasing therapy costs at the same time. For all those people that have attempted many kinds of drugs, purchasing remedy that cause less side effects, and may be more affordable is generally a no brainer.

In the event you are interested in trying it as an answer for your wellness issues or do not understand much about acupuncture, your physician might be a great spot to begin. Several people of the medical knowledge base have developed more receptive to alternative approaches to clinical therapy in the last few of decades, and yours might not be unable to answer several queries as well as put you in contact. Yet another alternative that is clever would be to have some time to do a bit of study on the area. As you find out about acupuncture in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma you should not be unable to determine if it could be an excellent option for the health-related problems. Getting the best therapy is a crucial part of figuring out the best way to deal with various illnesses.

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What can an Orthodontist do to help?

Understand the type of service dental orthodontist provide is not very common. For those who have misaligned teeth as well as other dental problems need to talk to an orthodontist. Orthodontist in Oklahoma City – Dr. Larson is a specialist who corrects and stops teeth and jaws from dental issues. Dental problems may trigger low-self-esteem and insecurity problems for a lot of individuals plus a person ‘s capability to talk and chew foods can be affected by them. Teeth that are misaligned may also snore, snoring, and other breathing difficulties. An orthodontist can assist you to correct several issues over-bites, like cross-bites, under much more, and morsels.

When you see with an orthodontist, he can shoot x-rays and have you ever bite down on a form to decide on the position of your teeth. The orthodontist may design you personally a therapy plan. This might include braces, retainers, or alternative dental methods. In instances that are serious, orthodontists must to interrupt the jawbones and line their sufferers’ teeth close so they are aligned. Dental issues that orthodontists handle may result due to several variables. As an example, dental issues often run-in your family. Second, when their teeth are lost by infants prematurely, their teeth may become over-crowded after. Other motives include dental caries, traumas, and mishaps. These variables influence the construction of the mouth as well as tooth.

An orthodontist can help by analyzing your teeth, you avoid dental issues. It’s worth observing when they’re seven years of age, that children should have their very first examination particularly when there is a family history of crooked or misaligned teeth. It might sound right for you yourself to do study on the web, before you see. Understand practices that are orthodontic on the web. Simply be sure to see reputable sites offering precise information about orthodontic processes that are typical.

Remember that the insurer might insure the whole or portion of the price of your therapy in the event that you must correct dental problems. Insurance firms generally spend mo-Re in the event an orthodontist that’s in their community is visited by the individual. In the event that you must you can even submit an application for funding using a financial institution or lender. Additionally, some orthodontists provide repayment plans, which enable their patients to cover services over a time period. One other neat thing about orthodontists is the fact that a lot of these offer free consults plus they are going to usually supply their clients about the type of treatments are essential in the first consultation with the opinion.

One can be found by you by performing study on the web, and assessing the telephone directory, on-line sites. You may even wish to take a look at the reviews on the web before a choice is made by you. Ensure he allows you to feel comfy before you select. You also ought to locate an orthodontist which provides various other goods as well as retainers. The specialist-you decide on should utilize the most recent methods and gear in the event you would like excellent results. In the event that you just follow these suggestions, you realize the outcomes you would like and will possess an excellent experience.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default
Ketamine Shows Promise in Easing Intractable Migraine Pain

Ketamine Shows Promise in Easing Intractable Migraine Pain

A new study suggests that the powerful anesthetic ketamine may help alleviate migraine pain in patients who have not been helped by other treatments.

Ketamine is commonly used as a general anesthetic and increasingly used for depression. In an April 2017 article in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, a number of studies have shown that ketamine can have “rapid and robust antidepressant effects in patients with mood and anxiety disorders that were previously resistant to treatment.”

The study of 61 patients found that almost 75 percent experienced an improvement in their migraine intensity after a three- to seven-day course of inpatient treatment with ketamine.

“Ketamine may hold promise as a treatment for migraine headaches in patients who have failed other treatments,” said study co-author Eric Schwenk, M.D., director of orthopedic anesthesia at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia, Penn.

“Our study focused only on short-term relief, but it is encouraging that this treatment might have the potential to help patients long-term. Our work provides the basis for future, prospective studies that involve larger numbers of patients.”

Migraines are relatively common, affecting an estimated 12 percent of the U.S. population. The disorder is characterized by recurring attacks of throbbing or pulsing moderate to severe pain.

A subset of these patients, along with those who suffer from other types of headaches, do not respond to treatment. During a migraine, people are often very sensitive to light, sound and may become nauseated or vomit.

Migraines are three times more common in women than in men.

The researchers reviewed data for patients who received ketamine infusions for intractable migraine headaches that have failed all other therapies. On a scale of 0-10, the average migraine headache pain rating at admission was 7.5, compared with 3.4 on discharge.

The average length of infusion was 5.1 days, and the day of lowest pain ratings was day 4. Adverse effects were generally mild. Schwenk said while his hospital uses ketamine to treat intractable migraines, the treatment is not yet widely available.

Thomas Jefferson University Hospital will be opening a new infusion center this fall that will treat more patients with headaches using ketamine.

“We hope to expand its use to both more patients and more conditions in the future,” he said.

Researchers are optimistic, yet cautious, as the study was small in scale.

“Due to the retrospective nature of the study, we cannot definitively say that ketamine is entirely responsible for the pain relief, but we have provided a basis for additional larger studies to be undertaken,” Schwenk added.

The new study was presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting.

Source: American Society of Anesthesiologists/EurekAlert

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Diabetes Boosts Risk of Cognitive Issues After Surgery

Diabetes Boosts Risk of Cognitive Issues After Surgery

Older patients with diabetes may be at an 84 percent higher risk of developing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) than those who are not diabetic, suggests new research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY 2017 annual meeting.

“With POCD, a patient’s mental ability declines after surgery, compared to their cognitive performance before surgery, resulting not only in increased complications and potential death, but also impairing the patient’s quality of life,” said Gunnar Lachmann, M.D., of the Department of Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin in Germany.

“POCD is increasingly recognized as a common complication after major surgery, affecting 10 to 13 percent of patients, with seniors being especially vulnerable.”

POCD is a major form of cognitive disturbance that can occur after anesthesia and surgery, but little is known about its potential risk factors. An association between diabetes and age-related cognitive impairment is well established, but the role diabetes has in the development of POCD is unknown, researchers noted.

In the study, researchers performed a secondary analysis of three studies that had data for 1,034 patients — 481 who had cardiac surgery, and 553 who had non-cardiac surgery — to examine whether diabetes was a risk factor for POCD.

Of the 1,034 patients studied, 18.6 percent had diabetes. The association of diabetes with risk of POCD was determined using logistic regression models at the longest patient follow-up period for each study, which was three or 12 months. Risk estimates were pooled across all three studies, researchers reported.

After adjusting for age, sex, surgery type, randomization, obesity, and hypertension, the researchers determined diabetes was associated with an 84 percent higher risk of POCD. Patients age 65 or older were at particularly high risk.

“Our findings suggest that consideration of diabetes status may be helpful for the assessment of POCD risk among patients undergoing surgery,” said Lachmann. “Further studies are warranted to examine the potential mechanisms of this association, to ultimately help in the development of potential strategies for prevention.”

Source: American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

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‘Selfish Brain’ Wins Competition With Muscle Power

‘Selfish Brain’ Wins Competition With Muscle Power

It takes lot of energy to run our brains and that comes at a cost, according to a new study.

According to researchers, the investigation into the immediate trade-off that occurs inside us when we have to think fast and work hard at the same time is the first to demonstrate that — while both are impaired — our mental ability is less affected than our physical capacity.

Researchers at the University of Cambridge say that the findings suggest a “preferential allocation of glucose to the brain” which, they argue, is likely to be an evolved trait. Prioritizing quick thinking over fast moving, for example, may have helped our species survive and thrive, they note.

For the study, scientists from the university’s PAVE (Phenotypic Adaptability, Variation, and Evolution) research group tested 62 male students drawn from the university’s elite rowing crews. Participants had an average age of 21.

The rowers performed two separate tasks: One memory, a three minute word recall test, and one physical, a three minute power test on a rowing machine.

They then performed both tasks at once, with individual scores compared to those from previous tests.

As expected, the challenge of rowing and remembering at the same time reduced both physical and mental performance, according to the study’s findings.

However, the research team found that change in recall was significantly less than the change in power output.

During the simultaneous challenge, recall fell by an average of 9.7 percent, while power fell by an average of 12.6 percent. Across all participants, the drop in physical power was on average 29.8 percent greater than drop in cognitive function, the researchers discovered.

The researchers say the results of the new study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, add evidence to the “selfish brain” hypothesis — that the brain evolved to prioritize its own energy needs over those of the rest of the body, such as skeletal muscle.

“A well-fueled brain may have offered us better survival odds than well-fueled muscles when facing an environmental challenge,” said Dr. Danny Longman, the study’s lead author from the PAVE team in Cambridge’s Department of Archaeology.

“The development of an enlarged and elaborated brain is considered a defining characteristic of human evolution, but one that has come as a result of trade-offs,” he continued. “At the evolutionary level, our brains have arguably cost us decreased investment in muscle as well as a shrunken digestive system.”

He noted that, developmentally, human babies have more stored fat than other mammals, which acts as an “energy buffer that feeds our high cerebral requirements.”

“On an acute level, we have now demonstrated that when humans simultaneously experience extremes of physical and mental exertion, our internal trade-off preserves cognitive function as the body’s priority,” he said.

The adult brain derives its energy almost exclusively from the metabolism of glucose. Yet skeletal muscle mass is also energetically expensive tissue, accounting for 20 percent of the male basal metabolic rate, which is the energy used when doing nothing.

A limited supply of blood glucose and oxygen means that, when active, skeletal muscle becomes a “powerful competitor” to the brain, according to Longman.

“This is the potential mechanism for the fast-acting trade-off in brain and muscle function we see in just a three-minute window,” he said. “Trade-offs between organs and tissues allow many organisms to endure conditions of energy deficit through internal prioritizing. However, this comes at a cost.”

He points to examples of this trade-off in humans benefiting the brain: “The selfish nature of the brain has been observed in the unique preservation of brain mass as bodies waste away in people suffering from long-term malnutrition or starvation, as well as in children born with growth restriction.”

Source: University of Cambridge
 
Photo: This is lead researcher Dr Danny Longman rowing with the Cambridge University Boat Club. This is an example of the type and standard of the sample population used in the study. Credit: Danny Longman.

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Poor Sleep, Physical Inactivity Up Genetic Risk of Obesity

Poor Sleep, Physical Inactivity Up Genetic Risk of Obesity

Poor sleep and low levels of physical activity exacerbate the impact of genetic risk factors for obesity, according to a new study presented at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2017 Annual Meeting. The new findings confirm and strengthen previous studies based on self-reported activity.

Researchers at the University of Exeter Medical School in the U.K. have been investigating the genetics of body mass index (BMI) and type II diabetes. In the past, it has been difficult to measure interactions between genetic risk factors and aspects of environment and lifestyle in a systematic way, say the researchers.

“Until recently, physical activity and sleep patterns could not be measured with as much precision as genetic variants, and we relied on diaries or self-report, which can be very subjective,” said Timothy Frayling, Ph.D..

The new study, however, made use of wrist accelerometer data, which is more objective and quantifiable, and a large genetic database of about 85,000 U.K. Biobank participants aged 40 to 70.

“We wanted to find out if obesity-related genes and activity level have an interactive effect on obesity risk — if there is a ‘double whammy’ effect of being both at genetic risk and physically inactive, beyond the additive effect of these factors,” said Dr. Andrew Wood, Ph.D., a postdoctoral researcher.

The researchers calculated a genetic risk score for each participant based on 76 common variants known to be associated with elevated risk of obesity. Then they analyzed this score in the context of accelerometer data and participants’ BMIs.

The research team found the strongest evidence to date of a modest gene-activity interaction. For example, for a person of average height with 10 genetic variants associated with obesity, that genetic risk accounted for a 7.9 pound (3.6 kilograms) increase in weight among those who were less physically active but just 6.1 pounds (2.8 kilograms) among those who were more active.

The findings were similar in analyses of sleep patterns: Among participants with some genetic risk of obesity, those who woke up frequently or slept more restlessly had higher BMIs than those who slept more efficiently.

As of now, the researchers are looking into whether this interaction between genetics and physical activity differs between men and women. They are also studying the effects of activity patterns; for example, whether a consistent level of moderate activity yields different results than low activity levels punctuated by periods of vigorous activity.

“We hope these findings will inform clinicians who help people lose or maintain their weight, and contribute to the understanding that obesity is complex and its prevention may look different for different people,” said Frayling. “Ultimately, with further research, we may have the scope to personalize obesity interventions.”

Source: American Society of Human Genetics

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New Assessment Model Links Emotions to Mental Health

New Assessment Model Links Emotions to Mental Health

Psychologists often turn to a variety of methods to analyze how people express and manage their emotions. Now in a new study, researchers at The City College of New York (CCNY) have developed a novel assessment model, called the Mentalized Affectivity Scale (MAS), which allows clinicians to approach mental health disorders in a new way.

The new assessment model breaks emotion regulation into three basic elements:

  • identifying: the ability to identify emotions and to reflect on the factors that influence them (e.g. childhood or other traumatic events);
  • processing: the ability to modulate and distinguish complex emotions;
  • expressing: the tendency to express emotions outwardly or inwardly.

For the study, Drs. Elliot Jurist and David M. Greenberg from The City College of New York administered the MAS to nearly 3,000 adults online. Statistical modeling of the findings revealed the following: processing emotions delineates from identifying them and expressing emotions delineates from processing them.

The team of psychologists discovered that emotion regulation was related to personality and well-being in surprising and unexpected ways.  They also found that the ability to process and modulate emotions was a significant predictor of well-being beyond personality and demographic information.

“We have introduced a way for psychologists and psychiatrists to use emotion regulation to supplement diagnoses,” said Greenberg, a postdoctoral  student at Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership and lead author of the study.

One of the most important findings was how the three elements — identifying emotions, processing emotions and expressing emotions — were linked to the participants’ previous clinical diagnoses involving anxiety, mood, eating and neurodevelopmental disorders.

“For the first time we have empirical evidence for the validity and usefulness of the theory that can be carried out into the mainstream by neuroscientists, emotion researchers and psychiatrists,” said Jurist, senior author and director of the Mentalized Affectivity Lab at CCNY and professor at the Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership.

The new model can be applied to many psychological conditions, such as anxiety, mood, and developmental disorders. According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI), approximately 1 in 5 adults in the U.S. — 43.8 million, or 18.5 percent — experiences mental illness in a given year.  About 18.1 percent of adults in the U.S. experienced an anxiety disorder such as post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and specific phobias.

The new findings are published in the journal PLOS ONE.

Source: The City College of New York

 

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Smartphones Compromise Teens’ Sleep

Smartphones Compromise Teens’ Sleep

Emerging research suggests that young people are sleeping less than ever before with the sleep void potentially damaging their physical and mental health.

Ironically, but perhaps not surprisingly, San Diego State University investigators discovered the decline in restorative slumber is linked to technology and because teens are trading their sleep for smartphone time.

Most sleep experts agree that adolescents need nine hours of sleep each night to be engaged and productive students; less than seven hours is considered to be insufficient sleep. However, a peek into any bleary-eyed classroom in the country will tell you that many youths are sleep-deprived, but it’s unclear whether young people today are in fact sleeping less.

Jean Twenge, a professor of psychology at San Diego State University, along with psychologist Zlatan Krizan and graduate student Garrett Hisler — both at Iowa State University in Ames, wanted to quantify how much kids are sleeping, and, if the hours are less than previous generations, then why the change?

To do this, the research team examined data from two long-running, nationally representative, government-funded surveys of more than 360,000 teenagers.

The Monitoring the Future survey asks U.S. students in the eighth, 10th, and 12th grades how frequently they receive at least seven hours of sleep, while the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System survey queries ninth to 12th-grade students on how many hours of sleep they obtain on an average school night.

Combining and analyzing data from both surveys, the researchers found that about 40 percent of adolescents in 2015 slept less than seven hours a night, which is 58 percent more than in 1991 and 17 percent more than in 2009.

Delving further into the data, the researchers learned that the more time young people reported spending online, the less sleep they got. Teens who spent five hours a day online were 50 percent more likely to not sleep enough than their peers who only spent an hour online each day.

Beginning around 2009, smartphone use skyrocketed, which Twenge believes might be responsible for the 17 percent bump between 2009 and 2015 in the number of students sleeping seven hours or less.

Not only might teens be using their phones when they would otherwise be sleeping, the authors note, but previous research suggests the light wavelengths emitted by smartphones and tablets can interfere with the body’s natural sleep-wake rhythm.

The study results appear in the journal Sleep Medicine.

“Teens’ sleep began to shorten just as the majority started using smartphones,” said Twenge, author of iGen: Why Today’s Super-Connected Kids Are Growing Up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy — And Completely Unprepared for Adulthood. “It’s a very suspicious pattern.”

Students might compensate for that lack of sleep by dozing off during daytime hours, adds Krizan.

“Our body is going to try to meet its sleep needs, which means sleep is going to interfere or shove its nose in other spheres of our lives,” he said. “Teens may catch up with naps on the weekend or they may start falling asleep at school.”

But, what’s a parent to do? Taking away a cell phone is an untenable action in today’s world as smartphones and tablets are an indispensable part of everyday life.

Researchers believe the key is moderation, Twenge stresses. Limiting usage to two hours a day should leave enough time for proper sleep, she says. And that’s valuable advice for young and old alike.

“Given the importance of sleep for both physical and mental health, both teens and adults should consider whether their smartphone use is interfering with their sleep,” she says.

“It’s particularly important not to use screen devices right before bed, as they might interfere with falling asleep.”

Source: San Diego State University/EurekAlert

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Same Rate of Prevention Services for People  With and Without Mental Health Conditions

Same Rate of Prevention Services for People With and Without Mental Health Conditions

New research finds that people with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder receive preventive health screenings at rates similar to or higher than people without mental illnesses.

The finding stems from a study of more than 800,000 patients, and appears in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Discovery of equitable preventive care for people with a mental health diagnosis is a welcomed finding because people with a serious mental health conditions have higher early death rates compared to those without these conditions.

Nearly 10 million people in the United States live with a serious mental health condition, with one study finding patients with schizophrenia were 3.5 times more likely to die early, compared to the general population.

Experts say this disparity is largely due to preventable causes such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes and heart disease, and to modifiable risk factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking and medications that cause weight gain.

In the investigation, researchers had hypothesized that people with mental illnesses might receive less preventive care than people without these illnesses. However, the study, which included patients within the Kaiser Permanente system and patients who get their care from safety-net clinics, found just the opposite.

Kaiser Permanente patients who were diagnosed with a mental health condition received between 80 and 81 percent of the recommended preventive care, while people with no diagnosis of a mental health condition received about 80 percent of the preventive care recommended for them.

In safety-net clinics, there was a larger difference between the two groups. Patients diagnosed with mental health conditions received between 62 and 70 percent of the preventive services recommended for them, while patients without a diagnosis of a mental health condition received about 60 percent of the recommended care.

“We were pleased to learn that people with mental health conditions received as many or more preventive services as people without these conditions,” said Bobbi Jo Yarborough PsyD, lead author and researcher with the Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research.

However, Yarborough added, the finding doesn’t answer the question of why, according to national statistics, these people die earlier.

“It may be that people with mental illnesses aren’t getting the support and treatment they need to prevent chronic disease. For example, we know that the medications people take to manage serious mental illnesses can cause rapid weight gain, but there are few programs to help these people manage their weight while they are on the medications,” said Yarborough.

To address this need, Yarborough and her colleagues developed a successful weight loss and diabetes risk reduction program, but she says few health systems implement these types of programs.

For the current study, researchers compared the proportion of recommended preventive screenings received among more than 100,000 adults who had a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar or affective psychosis, or other mental health conditions such as anxiety or major depressive disorder, to the proportion of recommended screenings received among nearly 700,000 adults without a diagnosis of mental illness.

Study subjects were members of the Kaiser Permanente Northwest health system, or patients who received care in clinics that serve low-income individuals and those without health insurance. During 2012-2013, the researchers examined the medical records of these patients to find out if they were eligible for and had received 12 preventive services recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

The services included screening for obesity, diabetes, tobacco use, colorectal cancer, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, as well as the pneumococcal and flu vaccines. And for women, screening for breast and cervical cancer, and chlamydia and osteoporosis were also included.

Source: Kaiser Permanente/EurekAlert

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Gentle Touch May Help Ease Pain of Social Rejection

Gentle Touch May Help Ease Pain of Social Rejection

The gentle touch of another may help ease the negative emotional effects of social exclusion, according to a new study at University College London (UCL).

Researchers tested the impact of a slow, affectionate touch against a fast, neutral touch following social rejection and found a connection between gentle touch and social bonding.

“As our social world is becoming increasingly visual and digital, it is easy to forget the power of touch in human relations. Yet we’ve shown for the first time that mere slow, gentle stroking by a stranger can reduce feelings of social exclusion after social rejection,” said lead author Mariana von Mohr at UCL.

The new findings follow on the heels of other research showing that affective social touch and in particular, gentle stroking of the skin, may be coded by a special physiological system linking the skin to the brain.

While a few other studies have investigated the buffering effects of social support on ostracism through the presence of friends, teddy bears and supportive text messages, this is the first to investigate social touch.

For the study, 84 healthy women were told they would be playing a computerized ball-tossing game with two other participants to measure their mental visualisation skills. Although the participants thought they were playing games with other study participants, the other players were actually computer-generated.

After throwing and catching the ball several times, the participants answered a questionnaire asking how they felt about ostracism, the feelings of belonging, self-esteem, meaningful existence, and control.

When the participants went back to playing the game after a 10 minute break, the other players unexpectedly stopped throwing balls to them after a couple of ball-tosses, causing them to feel socially excluded.

Next, the women were blindfolded and their left forearms were touched with a soft-bristled brush on either slow or fast speed. They then completed the same questionnaire and the results were compared and controlled against a baseline.

Participants touched at a slow speed had reduced feelings of negativity and social exclusion caused by the game compared to those who received a fast, “neutral” touch, even though general mood remained the same among both groups. Neither type of touch was sufficient to eliminate all of the negative effects of being socially rejected.

“Mammals have a well-recognised need for closeness and attachment, so it wasn’t a big surprise that social support reduced the emotional pain of being excluded in social interactions,” said senior author Dr. Katerina Fotopoulou at UCL.

“What is interesting however is that social support was optimally conveyed only by a simple, yet specific, instance of touch. No words, or pictures were necessary, at least in the short term. This finding builds on evidence that the same kind of touch can have unique effects on physical pain and it can have implications for the role of touch in various mental and physical care settings”

The researchers say that more studies are needed to specify the neurophysiological mechanisms involved and that future studies might consider the effect of skin-on-skin contact, social context and how results vary with temperature.

The findings are published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Source: University College London

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Boss’ Support Critical to Employee Mental Health

Boss’ Support Critical to Employee Mental Health

A new survey finds nearly half of American workers express concern about the changing nature of work. Although most workers report that they have the skills they need to perform their current job well, those without supervisor support for career development are more likely to distrust their employer and plan on leaving within the next year.

The American Psychological Association’s “2017 Job Skills Training and Career Development Survey,” was conducted online by Harris Poll, and surveyed 1,076 U.S. adults who are employed full or part time.

“Employee growth and development is a key element of a psychologically healthy workplace, but it’s often overlooked in employers’ workplace well-being efforts,” said David Ballard, Psy.D., M.B.A., head of APA’s Center for Organizational Excellence.

“Our surveys of the U.S. workforce consistently find that training and development is one of the areas employees are least satisfied with. The lack of opportunity for growth and advancement is second only to low pay as a source of work stress.

“In a rapidly changing work environment, making participation in job-related training and career development activities an expectation and preparing employees for a successful future are one way to protect workers and enhance our nation’s workforce readiness.”

For employees whose supervisors do not support and encourage their career development, only 15 percent say their employer provides opportunities for them to develop the technical skills they will need in the future.

Furthermore, only 20 percent say their employer provides training in necessary “soft skills,” such as teamwork and communication, and just 8 percent report having the opportunity to develop necessary leadership and management skills.

Lack of supervisor support for career development was also linked to important organizational outcomes. For working Americans without supervisor support:

• less than half (48 percent) say they are motivated to do their best at work (vs. 88 percent who report having supervisor support);
• 39 percent are satisfied with their job (vs. 86 percent);
• 16 percent say their company or organization makes them feel valued (vs. 80 percent);
• 22 percent would recommend their organization as a good place to work (vs. 79 percent), and;
• more than half of U.S. workers say they do not trust their employer (56 percent) and intend to seek employment outside the organization within the next year (53 percent).

As talk of automation, artificial intelligence and skills retraining dominate conversations about the future of jobs, 43 percent of employed Americans say they are concerned about the changing nature of work.

As a whole, 87 percent of working Americans report that they have the skills they need to perform their current job well, and 61 percent say their employer is providing opportunities for development of the technical and soft skills needed in the future.

But fewer (52 percent) report they have adequate time for career development activities and only half (50 percent) say their employer provides career development opportunities that meet their needs and sufficient opportunities for advancement (50 percent).

The survey also found differences between how men and women view their opportunities for training and career development, with women faring worse than men.

Both men (89 percent) and women (85 percent) report that they have the technical skills necessary to perform their current jobs well, but fewer women than men report that their employer is providing them with opportunities to develop the technical, soft or leadership skills they’ll need in the future.

The gender perception of skill training is revealing:

• 68 percent of men said their employer provides training for technical skills needed in the future (vs. 53 percent of women);
• 65 percent of men report trainings for future-needed soft skills (vs. 56 percent of women);
• and 60 percent of men report opportunities for them to develop the leadership and management skills they’ll need (vs. 47 percent of women).

Despite these differences, fewer women than men are concerned about the changing nature of work (37 percent of women vs. 49 percent of men) and women and men equally (77 percent) feel motivated to do their best at work.

An education divide also seems to persist as the survey highlights gaps between employees with and without a college degree. Nearly three-fourths (74 percent) of employees with a college degree said their employer values training and development while 64 percent of those without one said the same.

Regarding technical skills needed for the future, 72 percent of those with college degrees said their employer provides opportunities for training and development vs. 52 percent without a degree.

“While there are many uncertainties about the future of work, research is clear that employees and organizations benefit from an emphasis on growth and development,” Ballard said.

 

Source: American Psychological Association

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Schizophrenia Interferes With All Brain Communication Networks

Schizophrenia Interferes With All Brain Communication Networks

New research finds the effects of schizophrenia are widespread with the disease affecting neural wiring in all areas of the brain. The finding overturns the theory that schizophrenia manifests due to communication issues in only the prefrontal and temporal lobes.

Although the first CT scans documented abnormalities in the brains of schizophrenia patients more than 40 years ago, the prevailing theory held that the abnormalities were associated with front-facing areas of the brain responsible for personality, decision-making and hearing perception.

The new study, published in the Nature journal Molecular Psychiatry, sets the stage for future research on the debilitating mental illness that, according to the World Health Organization, affects more than 21 million people worldwide.

Investigators say the current review is the largest analysis of “white matter” (fatty brain tissue enabling neurons to talk to each other) differences in a psychiatric disorder to date.

Investigators discovered frayed “Ethernet cords” are present everywhere, according to Sinead Kelly, co-lead author of the study.

“We can definitively say for the first time that schizophrenia is a disorder where white matter wiring is frayed throughout the brain,” said Kelly, a researcher at the Keck School of Medicine of USC when the study was conducted.

“Our study will help improve the understanding of the mechanisms behind schizophrenia, a mental illness that — left untreated — often leads to unemployment, homelessness, substance abuse, and even suicide,” said Kelly, who is now is a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard Medical School.

“These findings could lead to the identification of biomarkers that enable researchers to test patients’ response to schizophrenia treatment.”

An estimated 26 percent of homeless adults staying in shelter homes in America live with a serious mental illness such as schizophrenia, according to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Although the researchers found that frayed communication cords were present throughout the brains of people with schizophrenia, the poorly insulated wiring was most evident in the corpus callosum. This is the area which allows for communication between the brain hemispheres and is located in the frontal portion of the corona radiata, a key structure for information processing.

Current medical treatment for schizophrenia addresses only symptoms because the causes of the disease are still unknown.

Many patients are asked to take antipsychotic drugs for the rest of their lives. Some individuals experience side effects such as significant weight gain, tremors, emotional numbing, or extreme drowsiness.

Previous studies did not always point to the same brain regions. Scientists need to come to a consensus before they can begin looking for answers. To do that, they need to aggregate and analyze global brain scan data, said Neda Jahanshad, co-lead author of the study.

“Without this study, future research could have been misdirected,” Jahanshad said. “Rather than looking for genes that affect a certain ‘stretch of wiring,’ scientists will now look for genes that affect the brain’s entire communication infrastructure.

“We’re showing that just studying a single brain region to try to find out what causes schizophrenia is not a good approach. The effect is global. Focusing on a certain part of the brain where you think that effect will be is not going to give you the whole story.”

The review was the largest big data study on schizophrenia to date. Scientists analyzed the data of 1,963 people with schizophrenia and 2,359 healthy controls from Australia, Asia, Europe, South Africa, and North America. Earlier studies typically included up to a hundred people with schizophrenia, Jahanshad said.

The big data project was integrated from 29 different international studies by the ENIGMA (Enhancing Neuro Imaging Genetics through Meta Analysis) network, a global consortium headed by Paul Thompson at the Keck School of Medicine.

ENIGMA has published the largest neuroimaging studies of autism, major depression and bipolar disorder using brain scans of more than 20,000 people, said Thompson, associate director of the Stevens Neuroimaging and Informatics Institute.

The researchers examined data from diffusion tensor imaging, a form of MRI that measures the movement of water molecules in the white matter of the brain. These scans allow scientists to locate problem areas in the brain’s normally insulated communication system.

Researchers believe the study paves the path for more focused scientific inquiry. A next step could be to seek what causes these abnormalities in white matter. Schizophrenia is partly hereditary, so perhaps specific genes promote the disorder via slight alterations in brain wiring, Kelly said.

Source: USC

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