Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

Obsessive Compulsive Disease

obsessive compulsive disorder oklahomaThe obsessive-compulsive disease is a psychological illness whose primary symptoms include obsessions and compulsions, forcing the individual to take part in undesirable, oftentimes distress thoughts or behaviors. It’s treated via a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy.Obsessive-compulsive disease is a psychological illness whose primary symptoms include obsessions and compulsions, forcing the individual to take part in undesirable, oftentimes distress thoughts or behaviors. It’s treated via a combination of psychiatric drugs and psychotherapy.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent and disturbing thoughts (known as obsessions) or repetitive, ritualized behaviors that the individual feels driven to do (known as compulsions). Obsessions may also take the kind of intrusive pictures or undesirable impulses. Nearly all individuals with OCD have both obsessions and compulsions, but a minority (roughly 20 percent) have obsessions independently or compulsions independently (roughly 10 percent).

The individual who has OCD usually attempts to consciously dismiss the obsessions or neutralize them from participating in compulsions or preventing situations which trigger them. Typically, compulsions function to relieve stress. But, it isn’t unusual for the compulsions themselves to trigger stress — particularly when they become quite demanding.
Cases of Obsessions Typical kinds of obsessions include issues with contamination (e.g., fear of dirt, germs or sickness), safety/harm (e.g., being accountable for a flame), undesirable acts of aggression (e.g., undesirable urge to damage a loved one), undesirable sexual or spiritual thoughts (e.g., sacrilegious pictures of Christ) and also the demand for symmetry or exactness.
A trademark of OCD is that the individual recognizes that their thoughts or behaviors are senseless or excessive.

Obsessive Car Detailing OKC

The inside of your car is exposed to continuous wear and tear because we run business, travel with family, eat drive-thru, and fulfill transportation needs for family and friends within its doors. The carpet, upholstery, and leather and vinyl dyes all trap dust, dirt, food particles, more dirt, stains, body oils, body, hair, animal hair, sand, and gunk — all of that blot and hamper the fabric fibers — and these are only the items it is possible to see! Invisible to the eye are contaminants, mildew, germs, human matter, and scents that result from considerable living, making an unclean and unhealthy atmosphere. Something that nobody wants their children exposed too, nor a first date. Many OCD families prefer to seek out a car detailing okc company to manage the cleaning of the interior and exterior of the home.

Oklahoma City Car Detailing Services:

• The type and age of the automobile

•The status of all of the interior surfaces such as the games, gauges, chrome, wood complete

• The kind, mix, and sporting, cracking or damage to upholstery like vinyl, leather, and cloth.

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The kind, mix, and sporting, cracking or damage to upholstery like vinyl, leather, and cloth.

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The headliner

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The seat straps

• The carpet

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The Degree of stains and in which they’re on the carpet and inside

• The origin for scents

• The origin for scents

These variables help determine how long, which procedures are required, along with the resources and substances necessary to efficiently wash and condition the inside. This includes a comprehensive cleaning, sanitizing, and conditioning of all interior elements and materials such as headliner, dash, console, chairs, floor mats, rugs, map pockets, cup holders, vents, switches, and switches. When you receive your car or truck back, it is going to smell clean, fresh, clean and pristine!

5 Unique Car Detailing Options For Obsessive Compulsive Car Owners in Oklahoma

1. Express-Plus Interior: An excellent detailing care program, the Express-Plus Interior support was created for the individual in a rush, who retains their car in topnotch condition but only requires periodic touch-ups for ordinary soiling. Your car or truck has to be stain and odor free be eligible for this service since it isn’t a replacement as soon as your vehicle needs deep cleaning!

2. The Daily-Driver: As a consequence of everyday driving, obsessive car detailing oklahoma city the automobile has regular soiling, mild stains, and minor body odors.

3. Restorative Interior Detailing: Usually suggested for older cars which have minor fail, food spills, animal scents and pet hair loss, acute spots, etc..

4. Concours Interior Detailing: The Concours support is for the discerning Automobile enthusiast and owner of an exotic, timeless, or classic automobile; also in need of preparation for a car show and contest

5. Remediation Interior Detailing: Never say die! If your vehicle was via a catastrophic event like a flood, a serious injury, or suffers from malodorous odors or intense filth, Auto Pool Detail will surprise you!

Additional Services

• Fabric Stain Repellent — We could employ cloth repellent which is made to shield cloth, carpeting, and mats with greater protection against oil, water, and arid soils. Spills “pool upward,” giving you an opportunity to wash them dry until they are consumed and eventually become permanent stains.

• Request about Green Guard The World’s 1st Approved Green Carpet Upholstery Protector. Green Guard is nontoxic, skin friendly, biodegradable and doesn’t have an odor.

• Leather Protection –Leather protectants help conserve your car’s vinyl and leather upholstery. Extreme temperatures and U.V. beams cause bleeding, premature aging and cracking. Leather protectants are made to assist to keep the leather soft and stop it from drying and fading out.

Pricing For Car Detailing Oklahoma City

The cost for our detailing providers relies upon the size, age, illness and requirements of every motor vehicle.We ask you to bring your car to us for a whole free evaluation — no appointment required. We’ll make recommendations and offer you pricing choices. We’ll show you vehicles we’re detailing so that you may observe firsthand the caliber of our job.
You’ll be amazed at the dramatic change in the look of your car after it spends some time with us! What’s more, you will understand what to anticipate.

Read: Child Abuse May Alter Neurons In The Brain

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

The Psychology Behind The Smile

Wearing a Healthy Smile Says A Lot About A Person

clean teeth - healthy smileSome smiles are natural while others are fake. There are genuine smiles that show gleaming white teeth, while other smiles are a little more reserved, possibly hiding poor dental care from others. There are also those smiles that are clearly fake and miserable, forced through with effort and strain. Then there are the polite like smiles that are often more like a grimace. These smiles can indicate embarrassment as much as happiness.

A genuine bellowing laugh can increase your heart rate and positively impact your  breathing pattern, while also lowering your blood pressure.

Smiling is a social gesture that can indicate various emotions. When people don’t smile often it can be a sign of unhappiness. Some people are very happy but tend not to smile possibly because of yellow teeth stained from smoking or drinking coffee, or possibly missing teeth or rotted teeth. There are short term solution that can fix issues of discoloration like visiting a dentist.

Other issues such as depression can be treated medically by prescription or through regular visits with a licensed psychologist. The psychology behind a smile can be speak volumes about a persons mental health. Mental health can be effected by something as simple as crooked teeth. Someone with a mouth full of crooked teeth may suffer from a lack of self confidence and  could feel insecure about showing their teeth. This then ends up effecting them and their daily lives, almost living as a prisoner of their own smile. This can have long lasting psychological effects on a person and there should be an effort to correct this if possible.

Smiling also happens to be one of the most universal languages on the planet. healthy baby smile

Babies who are born blind know to smile the same as babies that are born with site. Smiling is seen less in people with power then it is seen with the poor or less fortunate. Smiling can be used as a from of body language to send a message to another. Smiling is more universal than any other physical gesture like hand shakes and hugs.

Smiling can improve the health and happiness of a person. Make a conscious effort daily to smile more and make others smile.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

The Unbelievable Benefits of Seeing A Chiropractor

Chiropractic care has helped countless individuals all over the world, and contrary to popular notion, the treatment isn’t restricted to neck and back pain. In this place, we’ll discuss the advantages of chiropractic care for teams and volleyball players.

Comprehending The Pressure

All the volleyball injuries are related to hands, elbows, wrists and shoulders. As an example, players usually have problems using the rotator-cuff as general motions of the sport impact it. Specialists consider these injuries could be avoided with physical training as well as other types of attention. Besides the shoulders, harms can extend to the rest of the entire body, too, including hip, neck and lower back. Some players often complain of pain in ankle and foot, too.

Horrible physical strain owing to the essence of the sport can be caused by beach volleyball. Those who play the sport on the shore are prone to regular injuries as they frequently play barefoot, which takes the vital cushioning for the feet away. The resting interval between games is frequently restricted, particularly throughout the training sessions.

Understanding The Advantages of Chiropractic Care

Professional teams frequently hire a volleyball chiropractor as a portion of the physical fitness section. The truth is, it’s possible to prevent plenty of the most popular injuries which might be noticed in the sport.

Volleyball chiropractors also work with sportsmen for certain harms. It’s not recommended to rely on painkillers and only medications for alleviation because one must seek entire treatment as an alternative to instant respite. Chiropractors frequently use other types of alternative treatment, for example spinal decompression cause entire healing and to remove the pain and cold laser therapy. For speeding up the entire healing process, players regularly seek the help of the chiropractor.

Seeing a chiropractor in Huntersville, NC may be wise in the event you are a newcomer to volleyball and having a difficult time coping together with the physical pain and tension. They are able to aid in performing aside from reducing pain. Do not miss on asking any questions during an appointment, if you have any, and make sure that you select an experienced practice.

Supplying an extensive variety of services for the alleviation of pain, anxiety and suffering, rehabfx gives those we serve an opportunity to get a better, more healthy lifestyle.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

Things to Consider While Locating A Chiropractor

With the number of individuals affected by back pain every year growing, so also does the amount of chiropractors. A lot of people aren’t certain what to consider when selecting a chiropractor that is good and we’ll give you some helpful guidance in regards to making the choice that is correct for you. Step one to understand the best way to pick a chiropractor that is good will be to understand if you’ll need one.

It’s usually the wrong placement of ligament, some bone or muscle that’s causing your back pain issue and this can be where a great chiropractor will have the ability to help and alleviate your suffering. Many chiropractors will focus on a discussion to discover your precise needs and to learn more about how they can assist you to let us begin with a couple easy methods to discover if your chiropractor is not bad.

It is a classic adage but you ought to look for truthfulness in a chiropractor. A fair chiropractor will urge the most economical place to purchase them instead of offering their own nutritional supplements if they urge which you take nutritional supplements. Many not-so-fair chiropractors offer a bundle of a set quantity of sessions and treatment to the patient. This really is a bad signal, particularly when they’ve to see how you’re reacting to any treatment up to now. If a bundle is offered before they will have an opportunity to discover your troubles, that is a certain signal that is awful. If the chiropractor understands they cannot help you and instead make reference to another specialist, that is a clear good sign and a honest strategy.

That is an excellent indication, if you learn about a chiropractor being urged by a friend or relative. Many chiropractors that are great do not have to advertise as an outstanding reputation has been built up by them from their previous and present customers. This really is the greatest indication which you have located an excellent chiropractor.

So it’s crucial that you understand before picking to work with one what they specialize in because distinct chiropractors use different techniques. The appropriate treatment in the appropriate spot is needed. Then that’s the area that will be treated if you’ve got an issue with a particular region of your back. In this situation, it is better to seek another opinion. The reality is which they cannot treat all ailments while many chiropractors need to keep any customers they will have. You should subsequently be referred to cope with this, if your chiropractor identifies any inherent issue that’s causing your back problem.

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Invisalign – Amazing Smile and Stylish Treatment

The days where you’d get laughed at and joked around by family and friends just due to teeth are finished! There are fascinating and new ways you could have your teeth without having to cope with all those prying eyes straightened. Invisible braces from Invisalign provider in OKC is an excellent way to undergo treatment particularly when you’re a professional or you’re aware about your looks. Invisalign is a modern, hi tech way of straightening teeth that aren’t only powerful but also unobtrusive.

About Invisalign: Invisalign is a way of straightening teeth which use removable aligners which can be custom made for your teeth. The aligners are made from clear plastic that’s not rough and are so not uncomfortable after you wear them. Some aligners is normally worn for fourteen days after which you may wear a fresh set of aligners. Invisalign works by transferring your teeth slowly and softly to the needed location.

Appointment: You must identify an Invisalign supplier if you are feeling that Invisalign is a choice which you want to try out. The orthodontist will guide you as to whether Invisalign is suitable in managing your case and will analyze your teeth. Should you be a great patient for Invisalign, the orthodontist will shoot images and x rays of your teeth. A 3D picture of your teeth will be created in preparing a treatment strategy for you by Invisalign, that may direct your orthodontist. You’ll be capable of seeing how your teeth will appear like at each phase of treatment up to the outcome.

Aligners: As you wear the aligners your teeth will start to shift to the necessary location. You will end up required every fourteen days to wear a brand new set of aligners. Your orthodontist will offer you the required set of aligners that may take you up to the time of the next appointment.

Care: Your aligners can clean by rinsing them off and brushing them softly. Ensure that you floss and brush your teeth daily to keep your oral health.

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Why Residential and Commercial Properties Want Professional Duct Cleaning?

Duct cleaning for homes can also be important just as routine maintenance of heating systems is crucial. That is not only a demand that is general, you will find several specific reasons unclean ducts can cause serious damage to its function & are dangerous for human well-being at the same time.

The atmosphere inside or around a house may not seem dirty, but may be contaminated with undetectable filth atoms which can not be seen until they’re collected in sums that are greater. Whenever the system is made to run, filthy atmosphere gets circulated through the house. Additionally, with time, as well as neglect of shifting AC filters, the operation of the HVAC system is changed as a result of improper cleaning of ducts. This is why it is vital to opt for air duct company for houses for professional services.

It is a proven study that unclean, filthy ducts can have serious consequences on the human well-being, although not only a generally accepted notion. It is often studied & discovered by Health authorities that concentration of dust & grime in houses is largely due to the filthy ducts and ports in HVAC systems. The effects of filthy ducts which are not cleaned for years of constant use can have its direct effect on lungs, nose and the eyes. Individuals with allergies are those that suffer the most due to these ducts that are foul. Likewise, there could be skin and respiratory -associated issues in this kind of environment. Selecting professionals in duct cleaning for cleaning service for houses, will result in improved airflow & unimpeded operation of the HVAC system. These professionals manual and use vacuum techniques.

In general, professional services of duct cleaning for houses will ensure a contaminant-free, healthy surroundings & trouble-free operation of the heat & cooling systems. Superb Normal Heat is an air duct heat and cleaning company in Vancouver.

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How Sedation Dentistry Can Be Beneficial For Those With Phobia

In regards to making a dentist appointment people who experience extreme anxiety may reap the benefits of a sedation dentistry. This Oklahoma City dentist that is trained uses his patients to quiet and help them relax during even the simplest process. Dentists who intend to use sedation in any kind are expected to finish additional instruction beyond dental school. This instruction instructs them the best way to administer emergency procedures that will be needed in case a patient has an adverse reaction, and particular kinds of sedatives, dangers and side effects related to the drugs.

You’ll find many advantages of sedation dentistry. You’ll likely reap the benefits of the techniques and processes of a sedation dentist if you’re among those people who cannot cope with the idea of stepping into a dentist’s office. Sedation dentistry – also called sleep dentistry – enables those of the most routine dental procedures with intense panic or worry, to see with the dentist for regular checkups with no panic that would plague them through the visit. Additionally, it enables those who don’t have any trouble going to the dentist, but need major dental work to put up with an extreme one time visit instead of coming in multiple times for various processes.

You’ll find three kinds of sedation dentistry. Determined by the kind of dental procedure being performed and the patient’s degree of anxiety, distinct degrees of sedation will be used. Inhalation sedation can gain those people who are extremely nervous about getting basic cleaning processes done. Nitrous oxide, also called laughing gas, is usually used. The patient continues to be conscious of everything but feels joyful and relaxed.

A sedation dentist may choose to administer oral medicines designed to rest the patient. Typically the patient can answer any questions the dentist inquires and continues to be conscious of the action around him.

The third & most extreme type of sedation is administered through IV into muscle or the blood stream. IV sedation can be used when the patient is actually terrified of dental appointments, or when a massive amount work must be done. Determined by the dosage of the sedation drug, the patient might or might not be conscious of what is happening around him. Before administering any drugs the sedation dentist will get a thorough medical history and a listing of current medicines.

Talk about the good thing about seeing an accredited sedation dentist if you experience dental phobia of any sort. Do not let your fear of dental procedures carry you from finding the dentist every six months for cleanings that are critical.

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Property Management Companies Remove Anxiety

Renting out your piece of real estate may be real cash cow as most landlords understand, but that cash flow usually comes with a tremendous concern. Midnight calls from tenants who’ve the hassle of marketing the house when you’ve got a vacancy take out lots of the pleasure of earning money off of leases, late lease payments which you must chase down, and overflowing toilets. One means to have the income while removing much of the anxiety would be to hire Re/Max Energy Property Management company.

These businesses work between. The renter will not even need to understand who you’re when you hire a property management company. While you have the power the company manages the day to day interactions with the renter. The company will manage the marketing for you if you’ve got a vacant unit. Additionally, the property management company will look after screening prospective renters. They’ll also manage the pre-move-in reviews and reviews required after a tenant moves out.

It is possible to step back watching the profits, once the unit is filled. If there exists a concern, communicating will be handled by the company with the renter. You won’t be called if this pipe explosions at the center of the night. The property management company will even make your rental payments to collect. The company will do what’s needed to accumulate if your tenant is making a payment. In some arrangements, the firm may also take over paying taxes, insurance, and the mortgage on the portion of property. You must do nothing but have after all of the invoices happen to be paid the income which is sent your way.

The primary variable that prevents some landlords is the price. These services will be paid for by you. You must consider the price against the period of time you’ll save time that you can subsequently use to pursue other income- appreciate the fruits of your investment work or just making efforts.

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Tricks For Learning Web Design

Even if you possess sufficient information about it, web design OKC may be a tough designing place to find a job for you. You need to possess a nicely strategy as it assists you in managing a a sleek web site with error-free before developing an internet site. Not just that, a suitable website design that is prepared is the secret to really have a beautiful web site for the visitors. Have you been considering learning to be a web designer that was fantastic? Are there many targets in your dish, but your insufficient understanding in website layout is maintaining you from from their website? This post may educate you on the things that you should be aware of to eventually become a web designer that is better.

Movie that was HTML-5 is placed to become the following standard for showing movies online and obviously, you need to provide yet another structure like expensive for people who have an older version as good as both a manner where consumers may supply your content via an HTML-5 structure. Stay away from so called “mystery meat navigation”. This includes utilizing alternative components for the website’s routing or unlabeled pictures. Most of the times, the customer has to mouse over the buttons to actually notice the things they do. Routing is best-kept simple. Use links over the top or over the remaining side of the webpage.

It might look pretty, but avoid from having a lot of cartoons in your website. Getting your revenue dash site flash, twist and turn might seem cool for you, but it’ll probably generate prospective audience a way. It creates your site seem amateurish which isn’t the information you would like to communicate when you include a lot of flamboyant dashes that way. Ensure your webpages all actually have names, and ensure they can be descriptive. A surprising variety of web pages out there are called “untitled document” or “new file”. This-not just completely ruins your Search Engine Optimization, because page names are weighted by search engines heavily when ranking websites, but in addition refuses visitants a good bit of info to recall your website.

Website design is a topic which you constantly need to keep educated on. Bearing this particular at heart, for those who have some friends which are also in to web site improvement then you are going to need to maintain with them in touch. It’s possible for you to trade any new info which you discover in terms of website design, so you’re both along with your sport. Make use of a toolbar on top to assist visitors get the information they want immediately in the event you have a few pages in your website. Contain details, so whenever they had like, they can talk to you. Headers needs to be observable and obvious, and sentences needs to be simple to study along with succinct.

Reduce the number of scrolling or clicking visitors need to do to get info. The more they have to browse to get the info they seek or a person must click, the much more likely they may be to to stop searching because of it. Plan for having a minimum of 400 words on each page by merging web pages of your website which have articles that drops below this amount of phrases. Ensure that your web site utilizes a a well that is consistent for the duration of. Some web sites alter typefaces without any style. This makes the information hard to procedure for visitors. Many websites, especially business web sites, may work staying with even, or fundamental fonts like Arial, Deck New Roman.

It’s critical that your entire web pages have names. Forgetting while creating your web site, to contain names may have devastating results. The greatest cause is the fact that it makes your site look unprofessional when there is also, equally on the web page itself, and no name on an internet search results page. When ascertaining the information of your web site, research engines like google also put major focus on names. Don’t forget to use key words, and also make your names illustrative. Which document types you use for pictures effects your site ‘s load times. Your images should typically be JPEGs or GIFs. They just take up a significant amount of disk space even though MBP and PNG documents may be the choices for internet images. The bigger images can be converted by you right into a more manageable dimensions to aid your audiences possess a user-experience that is better.

Evaluation frequently and early. As a readers might in functionality evaluations early in the design procedure, you must make use of your web site. Ensure that you maintain testing and enhancing it as your web site is growing. Make an effort to ensure that any audio or images which you’re linking to is hosted in your own personal web server. Don’t hot-link to another web site pictures. This is considered as bandwidth theft also it may place you in breach of a copyright also. It is not worth the hazard.

While your website is designed by you, remember there is no need to utilize all the area that is available on every webpage. When you use all accessible pixels, the end result could be an overwhelmingly messy web site. Splitting your website’s components up with area that is empty, may allow it to be more easy for people to pick out what components execute what function. Area may give as much worth as advice. Utilizing the the equipment from a sponsor to create your website is very good for lay out that is basic, however do not totally use them them. It’s perfect that you just include a feature of style and uniqueness to your own web site. This means that you want come up with fresh style components which are not accessible through the use of the supplied choices of the WYSIWYG editor of the host’s.

Hosting your personal website isn’t a good idea, also in the event that you have the cash to get it done. Do just as much of the design yourself as you are able, but in the event that you employ anyone to sponsor it for you personally, you you will not have to be concerned about protection that is fundamental. Start with creating smaller web sites, so prior to starting an important website, you can observe your strengths and flaws. Generate webpages that build from that point as you acquire self-confidence, and include plaintext to start.

As a website is designed by you, appear to your own market. Ask them what is not unimportant in the websites they enjoy. You can be helped by this with all the various features available on your own website along with the style. Considering guidance out of your goal guests can let your website be more relevant. Now you know what it will take to to create a website that was great, have you been assured to begin now? Retain this informative article as a useful guide if you would like to take on a fresh website-design job, in the event you ever want some technical or ethical support.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default

Looking For Acupuncture Care?

Individuals are understanding they have actual states that promote their everyday lifestyles, as the range of health-related analysis enlarges. But also comes more treatments that a lot of people are beginning to eventually become fascinated in. Acupuncture service in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is where you can find a powerful method to cut back pain and other signs that they fight with daily, these techniques that’s expanding. The exercise is clearly an alternate approach that’s, Asian origins that are aged. By utilizing needles that are very slender, an acupuncturist intends to excite different points on the human body which might be believed to enhance and also right imbalances in your body. Several individuals can let you know the training that is exceptional continues to be in decreasing the consequences of the signs, a leading element.

Your physician will most likely have you look for different forms of therapy so that they can locate what is best suited for you personally when you have been identified using an ailment which you find tough. It generally is sensible to investigate your options all as no two individuals are exactly alike. You could not be aware of how successful acupuncture in Oklahoma as well as additional types of choice medication may possibly show to be. Generally, people will begin seeking added types of therapy after other approaches have proved to not be effective. But alternative strategies can be beneficial in decreasing therapy costs at the same time. For all those people that have attempted many kinds of drugs, purchasing remedy that cause less side effects, and may be more affordable is generally a no brainer.

In the event you are interested in trying it as an answer for your wellness issues or do not understand much about acupuncture, your physician might be a great spot to begin. Several people of the medical knowledge base have developed more receptive to alternative approaches to clinical therapy in the last few of decades, and yours might not be unable to answer several queries as well as put you in contact. Yet another alternative that is clever would be to have some time to do a bit of study on the area. As you find out about acupuncture in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma you should not be unable to determine if it could be an excellent option for the health-related problems. Getting the best therapy is a crucial part of figuring out the best way to deal with various illnesses.

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What can an Orthodontist do to help?

Understand the type of service dental orthodontist provide is not very common. For those who have misaligned teeth as well as other dental problems need to talk to an orthodontist. Orthodontist in Oklahoma City – Dr. Larson is a specialist who corrects and stops teeth and jaws from dental issues. Dental problems may trigger low-self-esteem and insecurity problems for a lot of individuals plus a person ‘s capability to talk and chew foods can be affected by them. Teeth that are misaligned may also snore, snoring, and other breathing difficulties. An orthodontist can assist you to correct several issues over-bites, like cross-bites, under much more, and morsels.

When you see with an orthodontist, he can shoot x-rays and have you ever bite down on a form to decide on the position of your teeth. The orthodontist may design you personally a therapy plan. This might include braces, retainers, or alternative dental methods. In instances that are serious, orthodontists must to interrupt the jawbones and line their sufferers’ teeth close so they are aligned. Dental issues that orthodontists handle may result due to several variables. As an example, dental issues often run-in your family. Second, when their teeth are lost by infants prematurely, their teeth may become over-crowded after. Other motives include dental caries, traumas, and mishaps. These variables influence the construction of the mouth as well as tooth.

An orthodontist can help by analyzing your teeth, you avoid dental issues. It’s worth observing when they’re seven years of age, that children should have their very first examination particularly when there is a family history of crooked or misaligned teeth. It might sound right for you yourself to do study on the web, before you see. Understand practices that are orthodontic on the web. Simply be sure to see reputable sites offering precise information about orthodontic processes that are typical.

Remember that the insurer might insure the whole or portion of the price of your therapy in the event that you must correct dental problems. Insurance firms generally spend mo-Re in the event an orthodontist that’s in their community is visited by the individual. In the event that you must you can even submit an application for funding using a financial institution or lender. Additionally, some orthodontists provide repayment plans, which enable their patients to cover services over a time period. One other neat thing about orthodontists is the fact that a lot of these offer free consults plus they are going to usually supply their clients about the type of treatments are essential in the first consultation with the opinion.

One can be found by you by performing study on the web, and assessing the telephone directory, on-line sites. You may even wish to take a look at the reviews on the web before a choice is made by you. Ensure he allows you to feel comfy before you select. You also ought to locate an orthodontist which provides various other goods as well as retainers. The specialist-you decide on should utilize the most recent methods and gear in the event you would like excellent results. In the event that you just follow these suggestions, you realize the outcomes you would like and will possess an excellent experience.

Posted by Patricia Adams in Default
Online Social Networks May Ease Interpersonal Anxiety

Online Social Networks May Ease Interpersonal Anxiety

Have you ever wanted to tell someone about a tough day at work but felt nervous about calling a friend to share what’s going on?

New research suggests technology in the form of online social networks may help people who feel apprehensive about one-on-one interactions. This relatively new communication channel was found to help people regulate emotions during times of need.

The study is available online in the Journal of Consumer Psychology.

“When people feel badly, they have a need to reach out to others because this can help reduce negative emotions and restore a sense of well-being,” said Dr. Eva Buechel, a professor in the business school at the University of South Carolina.

“But talking to someone face-to-face or on the phone might feel daunting because people may worry that they are bothering them. Sharing a status update on Facebook or tweet on Twitter allows people to reach out to a large audience in a more undirected manner.”

Sharing short messages to an audience on a social network, called microblogging, allows people to reach out without imposing unwanted communication on someone who might feel obligated to respond.

Responses on online social networks are more voluntary. To test whether people are more likely to microblog when they feel socially apprehensive, Buechel asked participants in one group to write about a time when they had no one to talk to at a party, while the control group wrote about office products.

Then she asked the participants who had an online social network account to log in and spend two minutes on their preferred social network. When the time ended, she asked people if they had microblogged. The results showed that those who had been led to feel socially apprehensive were more likely to microblog.

To explore who is more likely to microblog, Buechel conducted another experiment in which one group of participants watched a clip from the movie “The Silence of the Lambs,” while the control group watched clips of pictures from space.

Then they answered questions about how likely they were to express themselves in three different forms of communication: microblogging, in person or direct message (a private online message to an individual).

Finally, she asked people to answer a series of questions that measured their level of social anxiety in a variety of situations.

Buechel discovered that people who were higher on the social apprehension scale were more likely to microblog after they had experienced negative emotions (as a result of watching the “Silence of The Lambs” clip).

People who were low on the social apprehension scale, however, were more interested in sharing face-to-face or via direct message after watching the scary clip.

“There is a lot of research showing that sharing online is less ideal than having communication in person, but these social networks could be an important communication channel for certain individuals who would otherwise stay isolated,” she said.

She acknowledges that there is a danger for those who start to rely on social media as their only form of communication, but when used wisely, microblogging can be a valuable means of buffering negative emotions though social interaction.

Source: Society for Consumer Psychology/EurekAlert

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Using Emojis to Assess Cancer Patients’ Quality of Life

Using Emojis to Assess Cancer Patients’ Quality of Life

New research suggests using emojis instead of traditional emotional scales can help providers better assess a patients’ physical, emotional, and overall quality of life.

In findings presented to the American Society of Hematology, Mayo Clinic researchers found that using iPhones and Apple Watches were favored by patients, and the technology helped collect study data accurately and efficiently.

The study, created using Apple’s ResearchKit framework, showed that Apple Watch provides objective, continuous activity data that correlates with established cancer patient-reported outcomes.

“Cancer patients receive complex medical care, including surgery, radiation, chemotherapy and targeted agents that may result in physical, emotional, financial, and spiritual consequences that can negatively impact quality of life and the ability to perform certain activities without help,” says lead author Carrie Thompson, M.D., a hematologist at Mayo Clinic.

“These quality of life factors play an important role in predicting survival and determining the best treatment options.”

Dr. Thompson says gauging a patient’s qualify of life and performance status can be challenging, because it typically involves completing lengthy paper questionnaires, which can be burdensome for patients and may be inaccurate.

“In our study, we wanted to determine if wearable technology data could be correlated with traditional, validated patient-reported outcome measures in cancer patients,” said Dr. Thompson.

Researchers recruited 115 patients with lymphoma and multiple myeloma at Mayo Clinic with expected life spans of less than five years and who owned an iPhone 5 or later.

All patients were provided with an Apple Watch and downloaded a study app at enrollment. Researchers collected baseline data, including questions regarding physical function, fatigue, sleep, social role, function, and quality of life.

In addition, researchers developed two electronic emoji scales to measure quality of life.

“Emojis are a near universal, popular form of communication, understandable by diverse populations, including those with low health literacy,” Thompson said.

“There are several studies that attempt to predict individual well-being based on analysis of social media postings on Facebook and Twitter, but these studies do not focus on emojis as a mechanism for patients to express how they are feeling on a given day. If we can demonstrate that simple emojis are a valid and reliable measure of patient well-being, it could transform the way patient well-being assessments are accomplished.”

During the first week of the study, patients wore their Apple Watch for an average of 9.3 hours per day, took 3,760 mean steps per day, exercised 8.3 minutes per day, were sedentary 224.9 minutes per day, and burned 115.8 kilocalories per day.

Researchers observed significant correlations between standard patient-reported outcome measures and activity data. The strongest association or linkage was between steps per day, and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System physical function scoring system.

In addition, researchers found that patients’ emoji responses were significantly associated with standard patient-reported outcomes.

“While further research is needed to validate the use of wearable activity monitors in cancer care, we believe this technology has the potential to improve the way we care for patients,” Thompson said.

“In the future, it may be possible to monitor patient symptoms and communicate with patients between appointments via wearable technology.”

Source: Mayo Clinic/Newswise

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Retirement May Help Improve Sleep

Retirement May Help Improve Sleep

New research suggests a silver lining to aging; investigators discovered retirement from work life is associated with longer sleep.

The quality of sleep also improves, as retired people experience less early morning awakenings or nonrestorative sleep, unlike in their last working years. Non-restorative sleep occurs when a person experiences tiredness and fatigue after sleeping for a regular duration.

In the study, Finish researchers, in collaboration with the Finnish Institution of Occupational Health, University of Helsinki, and University College London Medical School discovered self-reported duration of sleep increased and stayed on the achieved level for years after retirement.

Of interest, researchers discovered duration of sleep increased especially for people who had had sleep difficulties or were heavy alcohol users prior to retirement. Among these individuals, the duration of sleep after retirement increased by 45 minutes for people who did not get enough sleep during their employment.

Experts explain that a sufficient amount of sleep is very important for our health and functioning. Individuals have different needs of sleep, but it is recommended for people over the age of 65 to sleep for 7-8 hours a night.

Retiring enables people to sleep longer, as work schedules no longer determine the times for sleeping and waking up, said doctoral candidate Saana Myllyntausta from the University of Turku.

During their last years of employment, different sleep difficulties were experienced by 30 percent of the people. After retiring, only 26 percent of the people were experiencing sleep difficulties. The researchers discovered that, of different kinds of sleep difficulties, people experienced a decrease especially in early morning awakenings and nonrestorative sleep.

Sleep difficulties decreased especially among people who experienced their work as stressful and their health as poor before retirement. Sleep difficulties decreased the most for people who experienced psychological distress before retirement.

For example, work-related stress is known to disturb sleep. One reason for the decrease in sleeping difficulties during retirement could be the removal of work-related stress, said Myllyntausta.

The study followed approximately 5,800 people who participated in the Finnish Public Sector study by the Finnish Institution of Occupational Health and who retired on a statutory basis in 2000-2011.

The participants estimated their sleep duration and the prevalence of different kinds of sleep difficulties in surveys before and after retiring.

Source: University of Turku

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Report Highlights Complexities of Diagnosing Mental Disorders

Report Highlights Complexities of Diagnosing Mental Disorders

In a new report published in the journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a team of scientists delve into the complexities of diagnosing psychiatric disorders.

The authors take an in-depth look at three systems used for understanding mental-health disorders: the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and the Research Domain Criteria Project (RDoC).

The report highlights similarities and differences in the ways that the ICD, DSM, and RDoC classify and conceptualize mental disorders, focusing on overarching issues that such systems must confront.

For example, diagnosing mental-health disorders may seem pretty straightforward: Patients discuss their symptoms and a doctor matches those symptoms to a disorder and prescribes an appropriate treatment; in reality, the process is far more complex. According to the researchers, psychological problems tend to arise out of a long, unfolding process.

So while distinct categories allow clinical practitioners to diagnose and treat each disorder, they also limit how we think about individual functioning and outcomes. Rather, mental disorders arise from a complex interplay of genetic, individual, and sociocultural factors, and understanding causal pathways requires taking a nuanced, individualized approach.

“One of the main things that we kept coming back to is the idea that ‘having a mental disorder’ is very different from having the measles or even something like diabetes — and it can be helpful to think about mental disorder psychopathology in this more complex way,” said researcher Lee Anna Clark, Ph.D. “While there definitely are treatments and ways to help people deal with mental disorders, there aren’t any magic bullets.”

Clark authored the new paper with researchers Drs. Bruce Cuthbert, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, William E. Narrow, and Geoffrey M. Reed.

Advances in clinical science over the past several decades have led to major improvements in how mental disorders are diagnosed and treated. But as science reveals more about the origins and development of mental health conditions, more questions are continually raised.

“It’s so tempting to think, ‘If we could only zap out this one gene, schizophrenia would be gone from the world. But my prediction is that as we learn more, things will also be revealed that are even more complex than we can imagine,” said Clark.

“At the same time, there’s no question that we know so much more than we did even 25 years ago. And what we know can get us a very long way toward helping people even if we don’t understand all the little ins and outs.”

Source: Association for Psychological Science

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Mindful Yoga Can Reduce Risky Behavior in Troubled Youth

Mindful Yoga Can Reduce Risky Behavior in Troubled Youth

A new study shows a significant reduction in risky sex and substance abuse in troubled 18- to 24-year-olds after several months of participating in mindful yoga and other positive coping strategies.

As part of a 10-year study looking at risk-taking and decision-making, Dr. Jacinda Dariotis, a University of Cincinnati public health researcher, spent 12 months focusing on early life stressors as a predictor of risky sexual behavior, substance abuse, and delinquency for more than 125 at-risk youths.

She was surprised to find that a small number were already engaging in constructive coping behaviors on their own.

The study revealed that, in spite of early life stressors, positive coping behaviors, either learned or self-generated, can actually have a protective effect.

“We found that many of these youths who had endured stressful life events and otherwise would have fallen into the risky behavior trap could actually have positive outcomes later in life because they chose to join in prosocial physical activities, yoga, or mindfulness meditation,” Dariotis said.

During the study, Dariotis looked at the disconnect between the youths who had intended to have positive influences in their lives but continually found themselves engaged in behaviors that had negative outcomes. She found a link between stressful life events and increased risky unprotected sex, violence, and substance abuse.

“We took a holistic approach, looking at these issues from a social and biological perspective,” said Dariotis, also director of UC’s College of Education, Criminal Justice and Human Services Evaluation Services Center. “In addition to question-and-answer information, we collected urine samples for drug use confirmation and testosterone levels early in the study to see how hormones played out in negative behaviors.”

According to Dariotis, testosterone can be influential in dominance and aggressive behaviors, but if directed through prosocial behaviors like sports, yoga, or healthy competition, it can have positive outcomes.

“If you are the star on your sports team, you are succeeding,” she said. “You can also be competitive academically where you succeed by competing with your peers.”

Before coming to the University of Cincinnati, Dariotis spent the last decade at Johns Hopkins University gathering most of the data, which includes neuroimaging and weekly questioning of hundreds of youth from all walks of life.

“I’m particularly interested in teaching at-risk youths to regulate their thoughts, processes and emotions,” said Dariotis. “The neuroimaging allows us to see what’s activated in one’s brain while at rest or performing tasks to help us understand the intersection between hormones, brain structure, and activity.”

Dariotis found that at-risk youth who voluntarily spend their time reading books, playing sports, or engaged in avoidance coping behaviors were twice as likely to avoid risky sexual behaviors or substance abuse. An example of avoidance coping behaviors is not thinking about a bad event that had occurred and, instead, thinking about what could be better, she explained.

Dariotis found youths who were unable to develop positive coping strategies were much more likely to turn to greater risk-taking behaviors that included unprotected sex or sex for money, substance abuse, violence, and crime.

Participating in weekly mindful yoga intervention programs as part of the current study taught the youths how to take control of their breathing and their emotions and helped them develop healthier long-term coping skills.

“These findings highlight the importance of implementing positive coping strategies for at-risk youth, particularly for reducing illicit drug use and risky sexual behavior,” she said. “Mindfulness-based yoga programs designed to improve the ability to cope are needed at earlier ages in schools to help vulnerable youths channel their skills more effectively.”

Given the relative low cost of such programs and easy adaptations to different populations and settings, Dariotis noted the return on investment may be substantial, especially if they can reduce arrests, repeat offenses, and other negative outcomes for risk-taking youth.

Source: University of Cincinnati

 
Photo: Youth engaging in mindful yoga. Credit: Aziz Acharki/Upsplash.

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Unfair Treatment at Work Tied to Longer Sick Leave

Unfair Treatment at Work Tied to Longer Sick Leave

Employees who feel they are treated unfairly at work are more likely to take longer and more frequent time off due to illness, according to a new study by researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) and Stockholm University.

Previous research has found that taking time off for illness is often tied to negative circumstances in the work environment. For example, low job control and decision-making opportunities have been shown to increase the likelihood of sick leave.

A relatively new determinant of employee health is the employee’s perception of fairness in the workplace, known as organizational justice. In the new study, researchers focused on one element of this, called interactional justice, which directly connects to the treatment of employees by managers.

Interactional justice can be further broken down into two subtypes of fairness: informational justice (defined as receiving truthful and candid information with adequate justifications) and  interpersonal justice (concerning respectful and dignified treatment by the manager).

For the study, the researchers from UEA’s Norwich Business School, the Stress Research Institute and the Department of Psychology at Stockholm University looked at data from more than 19,000 employees in Sweden.

They investigated the relationship between informational and interpersonal justice and long and frequent sickness absence. They also looked into whether times of high uncertainty at work, for example perceived job insecurity, had an effect on sick leave.

The findings show that lower levels of justice at work relate both to an increase in shorter, but more frequent sickness absence periods, and to an increased risk of longer sickness absence episodes, regardless of job insecurity and demographic variables of age, gender, socio-economic position and marital status.

In fact, higher levels of job insecurity turned out to be an important predictor of long and frequent sickness absence.

“While shorter, but more frequent periods of sickness absence might be a chance for the individual to get relief from high levels of strain or stress, long-term sickness absence might be a sign of more serious health problems,” said co-author Dr. Constanze Eib, a lecturer in organizational behavior at Norwich Business School.

“Our results underline the need for fair and just treatment of employees irrespective of perceived job insecurity in order to keep the workforce healthy and to minimise lost work days due to sickness absence.”

The findings are published in the journal BMC Public Health.

“Perceived fairness at work is a modifiable aspect of the work environment, as is job insecurity,” said lead author Dr. Constanze Leineweber, from the Stress Research Institute.

“Organisations have significant control over both and our results suggest that they may gain by investing or improving their policies and rules for fair treatment of their workforce and by improving job security.”

Source: University of East Anglia

 

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Cultural Differences May Slow Diagnosis of Autism

Cultural Differences May Slow Diagnosis of Autism

A new study helps to explain why white children are more likely to receive an autism diagnosis than blacks. Researchers discovered the time-line in which parents’ report of concerns about their child’s development to healthcare providers varies by race.

Georgia State University investigators believe the cultural variances may contribute to delayed diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in black children.

The study found that compared to white parents, black parents reported significantly fewer concerns related to symptoms of ASD in their children with the disorder.

Investigators found that black parents were less likely than white parents to report concerns about two ASD symptoms — social deficits and restricted and repetitive behaviors.

The findings are published in the journal Autism.

Many parents begin reporting concerns about ASD during the child’s first two years of life, and on average, children are diagnosed with ASD around their fourth birthday.

However, black children are diagnosed with ASD at older ages than white children and children of other races. They are also nearly twice as likely as children of other races to be misdiagnosed with disruptive behavior disorders before receiving an ASD diagnosis.

Few studies have explored potential reasons for the racial disparity in ASD diagnosis, though some researchers have suggested unequal access to healthcare and clinician prejudice as explanations.

Another possibility is that black parents may report concerns to healthcare providers in ways that de-emphasize ASD symptoms and focus on disruptive behaviors, which may hinder providers from adequately considering ASD.

The new study provides insight into delayed ASD diagnosis in black children by examining whether the concerns parents reported to providers about their child’s development prior to diagnosis differed based on a parent’s race.

Previous studies have found parents’ characteristics influence their reports of concerns about their child’s development. For instance, parents of lower socioeconomic status (SES) reported fewer concerns about their child’s development than parents of higher SES.

Also, parents of boys reported concerns about their child’s development later than parents of girls.

Race may also influence parents’ reports of concerns about their child’s development. Studies of other neurodevelopmental disorders, such as ADHD, have found that black parents tend to underreport their children’s ADHD symptoms and interpret ADHD symptoms as disruptive behavior. This phenomenon may also extend to ASD.

Participants in this study were 174 toddlers from metro Atlanta and Connecticut, ages 18- to 40-months, and their parents. The children were screened for autism spectrum disorder risk, and those who screened positive were invited to a free diagnostic evaluation.

Before the evaluation, their parents completed questions soliciting concerns about their child’s behavior and development.

Their responses were grouped into 10 categories of concerns, which were classified as either autism concerns (including speech/communication, social and restricted and repetitive behavior concerns) or non-autism concerns (including motor, general development and disruptive behavior concerns).

The researchers found black parents reported fewer autism concerns than white parents. Race did not affect parent report of non-autism concerns, suggesting that the effect was specific to concerns about symptoms of ASD. Race did not influence parents’ reports of disruptive behavior concerns.

Race significantly affected how parents reported concerns about their children’s social deficits and restricted and repetitive behaviors. Compared to black parents, white parents were 2.61 times more likely to report a social concern and 4.12 times more likely to report a concern about restricted and repetitive behaviors.

The findings have important clinical implications. Lower reporting of autism concerns by black parents may affect healthcare providers’ abilities to identify children who need further screening or evaluation.

“Reduced reporting of ASD symptoms may contribute to missed or delayed diagnosis in black children, since healthcare providers often rely on parent report about typical behavior,” said Meghan Rose Donohue, a co-author of the study and Ph.D. candidate in clinical psychology at Georgia State.

Source: Georgia State University

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New Evidence that Education Mitigates Risk of Alzheimer’s

New Evidence that Education Mitigates Risk of Alzheimer’s

Health experts fear an emerging Alzheimer’s epidemic as society, and especially the baby boomers, age. Currently, about 47 million Americans demonstrate some evidence of susceptibility to Alzheimer’s and experts believe the prevalence of the disease will double by 2060.

A new study by University of Cambridge researchers, however, gives some promise of hope as investigators find more evidence that education protects against Alzheimer’s disease. The study appears in BMJ.

Experts explain that Alzheimer’s disease is the leading cause of dementia. Its chief characteristic is the build of ‘plaques’ and ‘tangles’ of misshapen proteins, which lead to the gradual death of brain cells. People affected by Alzheimer’s experience memory and communication problems, disorientation, changes in behavior and progressive loss of independence.

The causes of Alzheimer’s are largely unknown, and attempts to develop drug treatments to halt or reverse its effects have been disappointing. This has led to increasing interest in whether it is possible to reduce the number of cases of Alzheimer’s disease by tackling common risk factors that can be modified.

In fact, research from the Cambridge Institute of Public Health has shown that in the UK, the incidence of Alzheimer’s is falling — probably due to improvements in education, and smoking reduction and better diet and exercise.

“Many studies have shown that certain risk factors are more common in people with Alzheimer’s disease, but determining whether these factors actually cause Alzheimer’s is more difficult,” says Professor Hugh Markus.

“For example, many studies have shown that the more years spent in full time education, the lower the risk of Alzheimer’s. But it is difficult to unravel whether this is an effect of education improving brain function, or whether it’s the case that people who are more educated tend to come from more wealthy backgrounds and therefore have a reduction in other risk factors that cause Alzheimer’s disease.”

Professor Markus led a novel study to separate these factors using a genetic technique known as ‘Mendelian randomization’. This involves looking at an individual’s DNA and comparing genes associated with environmental risk factors – for example, genes linked to educational attainment or to smoking – and seeing which of these genes are also associated with Alzheimer’s disease. If a gene is associated with both, then it provides strong evidence that this risk factor really does cause the disease.

As part of a project known as CoSTREAM, researchers studied genetic variants that increase the risk of a variety of different environmental risk factors to see if these were more common in 17,000 patients with Alzheimer’s disease. They found the strongest association with genetic variants that predict higher educational attainment.

“This provides further strong evidence that education is associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease,” says first author Dr Susanna Larsson. “It suggests that improving education could have a significant effect on reducing the number of people who suffer from this devastating disease.”

Exactly how education might reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s is uncertain. Previous studies have shown that the same amount of damage in the brain is associated with less severe and less frequent Alzheimer’s in people who have received more education.

One possible explanation is the idea of ‘cognitive reserve’ – the ability to recruit alternative brain networks or to use brain structures or networks not normally used to compensate for brain aging. Evidence suggests that education helps improve brain wiring and networks and hence could increase this reserve.

The researchers also looked at other environmental risk factors, including smoking, vitamin D, and alcohol and coffee consumption. However, their results proved inconclusive. This may be because genes that predispose to smoking, for example, have only a very small effect on behavior, they say.

Source: University of Cambridge

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Study Probes How Brain Regions Affect Each Other in Depression

Study Probes How Brain Regions Affect Each Other in Depression

In a new UK study, researchers used a unique approach to investigate the brain activity of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). They analyzed brain images to better understand how one region of the brain may affect another region, a process known as effective connectivity, in those with MDD.

The imaging approach goes beyond the limitations of previous brain imaging studies, which show if but not how activity of different brain regions are related.

The findings, published in the journal Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, reveal that MDD patients show differences in the activity and connectivity of brain systems associated with punishment, reward, and memory. The research offers new clues as to which regions of the brain could be at the root of depressive symptoms such as reduced happiness and pleasure.

“The new method allows the effect of one brain region on another to be measured in depression, in order to discover more about which brain systems make causal contributions to depression,” said Professor Edmund Rolls at the University of Warwick in the UK.

Rolls conducted the study with Professor Jianfeng Feng and Dr. Wei Cheng.

For the study, the researchers compared 336 people with major depressive disorder to 350 healthy controls. They found that in patients with MDD, brain regions involved in reward and subjective pleasure received less drive (or reduced effective connectivity), which may contribute to the decreased feeling of happiness in depression.

In addition, brain regions associated with punishment and the response of not getting a reward showed increased activity but also decreased effective connectivity, providing evidence for the source of sadness that occurs in the disorder.

Furthermore, the researchers found an increase in activity in the memory-related areas of the brain in MDD patients. The researchers suggest this may be related to heightened memory processing, possibly of unpleasant memories, in depression.

“These findings are part of a concerted approach to better understand the brain mechanisms related to depression, and thereby to lead to new ways of understanding and treating depression,” said Rolls.

Major depressive disorder, also known as clinical depression, is characterized by a persistently depressed mood and loss of interest in activities. Research suggests that it is caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.

“This represents an exciting new methodological advance in the development of diagnostic biomarkers and the identification of critical brain circuitry for targeted interventions for major depression,” said Dr. Cameron Carter, editor of Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging.

Source: Elsevier

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Satisfied Psychological Needs = Happy Working Mom

Obtaining a proper work-life balance has always been a challenge for moms with the task even more difficult in our fast-paced 21st century world. New research suggest that a woman’s happiness is more of product of having her psychological needs fulfilled, rather than the temperament of the baby.

Researchers discovered a happy working mom feels competent in interacting with her child, experiences a sense of freedom and choice in her actions, and has a warm and affectionate relationship with her baby. She is also not too hard on herself about how she is faring as a mother.

These insights were discovered by Katrijn Brenning of the University of Ghent in Belgium, as she investigated the factors that affect a working mother’s sense of well-being.

The study, “Ups and Downs in the Joy of Motherhood: Maternal Well-being as a Function of Psychological Needs, Personality, and Infant Temperament,” appears in the Journal of Happiness Studies.

Brenning and her colleagues showed that a mother’s sense of well-being drops when she feels inadequate, under pressure, and is alienated from her social circle by her efforts to get to work and be a good parent all at once.

Her own baby’s temperament has little influence on her sense of well-being, but having a more extrovert child does help some women to feel more positive about motherhood, and to be less hard on themselves.

“Our findings point to a complex interplay between parent and child characteristics in the prediction of maternal well-being,” says Brenning.

The research team analyzed five days of diary entries made by 126 mothers after their maternity leave ended and they had to leave their babies at a day-care facility for the first time. This is often a particularly stressful episode in the life of working mothers because it is often the first time that they are separated from their children. With maternity leave over, they also need to learn how to balance their work and family lives effectively.

Although the temperament of their children did not have much influence on the mothers’ sense of well-being, Brenning says: “More positive perceptions of the child’s temperament were found to buffer to some extent against the affective difficulties associated with a lack of need satisfaction, high need frustration and maternal self-criticism.”

Brenning believes that in their interaction with their children, mothers should seek out experiences that also help to satisfy their own daily psychological needs.

Mothers should not be too hard on themselves about how they are faring as a mother, search for activities with their baby that they enjoy, and create opportunities to spend with their offspring in a warm and affectionate way.

The positive influence and energy this creates could be beneficial in that it allows mothers to interact with their child in a more sensitive, patient, and positive fashion.

The researchers also believe that clinical counselors should highlight to their female patients how important it is to ensure that their own psychological needs are met, amid the pressures of motherhood and work.

“Need frustration relates to daily distress and to more cold and intrusive parent-child interactions,” she says.

The findings highlight how difficult it is for women whose personalities tend to veer towards the depressive and the self-critical to adjust to parenthood. In these cases, Brenning believes prevention and intervention strategies should be in place to help such women cope in their first few months of parenthood.

Source: Springer

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