Could Compulsive Smartphone Use Be Hyper-Social?

A new study suggests that smartphone addiction could be hyper-social, not anti-social. In the new review, researchers believe the most addictive smartphone functions share a common theme in that they tap into the human desire to connect with other people.

The belief that technology is fueling an addiction has led to considerable concern.

“There is a lot of panic surrounding this topic,” said Dr. Samuel Veissière, a professor at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. “We’re trying to offer some good news and show that it is our desire for human interaction that is addictive, and there are fairly simple solutions to deal with this.”

The study appears in the journal Frontiers in Psychology.

An obsession with technology is relatively common as many people are seemingly constantly texting and checking out what friends are up to on social media. These are examples of what many consider to be the anti-social behavior brought on by smartphone addiction, a phenomenon that has garnered media attention in the past few months.

But what if we were looking at things the wrong way? Could smartphone addiction be hyper-social?

Veissière, a cognitive anthropologist who studies the evolution of cognition and culture, explains that the desire to watch and monitor others — but also to be seen and monitored by others — runs deep in our evolutionary past.

Humans evolved to be a uniquely social species and require constant input from others to seek a guide for culturally appropriate behavior. This is also a way for them to find meaning, goals, and a sense of identity.

Together with Moriah Stendel, also from McGill’s Department of Psychiatry, Veissière reviewed current literature on dysfunctional use of smart technology through an evolutionary lens. The researchers found that the most addictive smartphone functions all shared a common theme: they tap into the human desire to connect with other people.

While smartphones harness a normal and healthy need for sociality, Professor Veissière agrees that the pace and scale of hyper-connectivity pushes the brain’s reward system to run on overdrive, which can lead to unhealthy addictions.

“In post-industrial environments where foods are abundant and readily available, our cravings for fat and sugar sculpted by distant evolutionary pressures can easily go into insatiable overdrive and lead to obesity, diabetes, and heart disease (…) the pro-social needs and rewards [of smartphone use as a means to connect] can similarly be hijacked to produce a manic theatre of hyper-social monitoring,” the authors write in their paper.

Turning off push notifications and setting up appropriate times to check your phone can go a long way to regain control over smartphone addiction. Research suggests that workplace policies “that prohibit evening and weekend emails” are also important.

“Rather than start regulating the tech companies or the use of these devices, we need to start having a conversation about the appropriate way to use smartphones,” Veissière concluded.

“Parents and teachers need to be made aware of how important this is.”

Source: Frontiers/EurekAlert

Posted by Patricia Adams